|In Focus Programme on Crisis Response and Reconstruction (International Labour Organization, 42 p.)|
The planned programme is closely linked to the
Organizations strategic objective two to create greater opportunities for
women and men to secure decent employment and income and also to the other three
strategic objectives - to promote and realize fundamental principles and rights
at work, enhance the coverage and effectiveness of social protection for all,
and strengthen tripartism and social dialogue. It will also contribute
specifically to the following four ILO operational objectives:
- ILO constituents are equipped to analyse economic and labour market developments and to elaborate and negotiate effective employment promotion policies and programmes (2a);
- employment-friendly enterprise development policies and programmes are effectively implemented (2b);
- women have access to more and better jobs (2c); and
- targeted programmes are adopted or strengthened to enable groups such as young workers, the disabled, migrants and indigenous populations to find decent employment (2e).
In addition to the above, a new and fifth such objective - Special employment promotion and other social programmes are designed and implemented in crisis situations - is added which is closely linked to the focus of this InFocus programme.
The programmes specific development and immediate objectives are as follows:
Sustainable socio-economic and political stability and development of states through employment-sensitive, equitable and socially inclusive crisis preparedness, reintegration and reconstruction processes.
1. Develop a coherent ILO framework and comprehensive capacity to respond speedily and in an effective manner to the different crises.
2. Promote socio-economic reintegration and poverty alleviation of crisis-affected groups - women and men - through employment intensive investment programmes, skills training, retraining, small enterprise development, local economic development, social dialogue, social safety nets and protection and mobilization of increased volume of resources mobilized for such interventions.
3. Increase awareness at the national, regional and international levels of the importance of employment, social inequalities and other social concerns in crisis situations and of the unique ILO expertise in this area to be in demand for advice, policies, involvement in inter-agency and other activities in crisis situations and for relevant publications, guidelines and other tools.
4. Build ILO constituents capacity to play a greater role in crisis monitoring, prevention and tackling of the adverse consequences.
The ultimate clients: the crisis victims - refugees, returnees, internally displaced people, demobilized combatants, retrenched workers, women and children, unemployed and disabled persons.
Other clients: policy makers - governments, Ministries of labour and other government departments and agencies, employers and workers organizations, contractors and other local-level operators, NGOs, subregional, regional and international institutions, donors, other UN agencies and bodies; and the public at large.
Broad performance indicators
· Demands for ILOs advice from constituents and other stakeholders at the local level.
· ILOs tools and policies are used in the crisis-affected countries and by local, regional and international actors.
· Policy advice given/appreciated/accepted and properly implemented.
· National reintegration programmes in existence properly reflect the employment dimension.
· ILOs social partners play a significant role in reconstruction.
· ILO is visible in UNs coherent response to the different crises.
· ILO core standards are used in crisis prevention, resolution and post crisis reconstruction.
· More ILO technical cooperation projects/programmes are implemented in the crises-affected countries.
· Existence and availability of generic policies, guidelines and other relevant ILO products in the different languages on the employment repercussions of crises and possible remedies, requests received by the ILO for these products and their integration within national policies and actions.
· More countries adopt employment-intensive policies and measures for reconstruction.