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close this bookIn Focus Programme on Crisis Response and Reconstruction (International Labour Organization, 42 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentExecutive summary
Open this folder and view contents1. Background and general challenges
View the document2. Objectives
View the document3. ILO’s added value and niche
Open this folder and view contents4. Programme strategy
View the document5. Problems and opportunities
View the document6. Proposed outputs and actions
Open this folder and view contentsAnnexes

6. Proposed outputs and actions




Develop a coherent ILO framework and comprehensive capacity to respond speedily and in an effective manner to the different crises.

Output 1.1: ILO’s knowledge base on different crises expanded

· Synthesise ILO’s current research knowledge on the different crises as basis for action and to identify gaps to be filled;
· With the ILO’s field structures, identify and develop linkages with relevant research institutions and individual researchers working on the different crises to create a network of researchers on employment and other socio-economic aspects of crises;
· Undertake further research on root causes and lessons learnt of the different crises and landmark publications on employment and other socio-economic concerns of crises;
· Undertake, jointly with the InFocus programme on socio-economic security, comprehensive in-country assessment and preparation of country reports on socio-economic security and risk assessment of countries in the pre- and post-crisis stages to anticipate likely crisis and to plan timely crisis preparedness including provision of basic socio-economic security - efficient social protection schemes, development of institutions and policies to reduce vulnerability by enhancing socio-economic security, application of crisis/disaster mitigation and promotion of local preparedness and post-crisis recovery efforts;
· Identify, from the above accumulated and new qualitative and quantitative data, the social, labour, exclusion and equity factors to develop employment and other socio-economic early warning indicators of the (potential) crises;
· Assess existing early warning systems (e.g of countries, regional bodies, NGOs and UN bodies) and negotiate to have the above employment and other socio-economic indicators incorporated into them;
· Undertake impact analysis of recent and on-going ILO technical cooperation and other interventions to mitigate the social consequences of the different crises. Such review should be done to identify their impact and areas of ILO’s technical capability;
· Set up, with the team on knowledge management and sharing (within the employment sector’s management support team), a data base on the labour and other socio-economic dimensions of the different crises.

Output 1.2: A series of guidelines and manuals developed on employment, other social concerns and appropriate modes of action in crisis situations.;

· develop a tool for rapid assessment of the employment and other aspects of the socio-economic situation and needs in the post-crisis context to guide ILO’s rapid assessment missions;
· Develop ILO ready-made response and standard packages to each of the different crises that can be adapted to specific contexts;
· Review and adapt existing relevant tools (e.g. operational guidelines, manuals, micro-finance guide and other training materials already developed for post-conflict countries) and develop other needed “recipes”, inputs and packages;
· Develop methodologies for: rapid generation of relevant statistics on the changed economic and social reality in crisis contexts;
· Organize an expert group meeting on emergency employment schemes in crisis contexts to identify best practices;
· Translate the tools, manuals, methodologies, best practices and other packages into the key languages for wide dissemination.
· Identify ILO’s administrative and other rules and procedures that require de-emphasising/adaptation to facilitate ILO’s effective action in the crisis context;
· Develop, with the support of ILO’s social partners, closer collaboration with national Ministries and agents responsible for reconstruction, investment, employment and poverty programmes to ensure incorporation of the ILO approach and crisis mitigation practices.

Output 1.3: Network of ILO crisis specialists and focal points established throughout the Organization who are technically equipped to contribute effectively to ILO interventions in crisis countries.

· Establish crisis specialists/focal points in each of the relevant InFocus and other programmes and MDTs (supplemented by associate experts) to contribute to ILO’s crisis response activities;
· Conduct capacity building workshops for these ILO crisis focal points and the programmes’s staff on the different crises, the required rapid ILO response, emergency procedures and how to incorporate disaster mitigation and vulnerability reduction in the design of rehabilitation and reconstruction programmes.

Output 1.4: A roster compiled of relevant consultants and experts in the different functional areas involved in the ILO response to crises to be mobilized at short notice to support ILO interventions in crisis countries.

· Identify and compile a roster of relevant experts and consultants in the different functional areas involved in ILO’s crisis response and invest in their training and briefing in advance (such as at a workshop in Turin) to facilitate their rapid mobilization and hiring to support ILO’s interventions in crisis countries.

Output 1.5: Close contacts and working relationships established with relevant UN and non-UN organizations active in the crisis field.

· Strengthen and forge new working relationships with relevant UN and non-UN bodies (like the Red Cross) and initiatives at the different levels to facilitate ILO’s collaborative action with them;
· Participate in inter-agency needs assessment missions in crises contexts for planning UN coherent response to crises;
· Participate in UN networks, other mechanisms and frameworks for international cooperation in response to the different crises.

Output 1.6: Resource mobilisation strategy developed and implemented.

· Develop resource mobilisation strategies to generate required resources to facilitate the ILO’s timely and effective response to crisis including sensitization of potential donors and development banks with regard to the ILO reconstruction and development programme and approach;
· Develop agreements with donors, development banks, regional and other financial institutions to have close collaboration to facilitate ILO’s participation in preparatory and appraisal missions and also agree, in advance, fund packages to be reactivated for our technical assistance activities during crisis;
· Prepare high quality project documents on ILO technical support in response to country needs to seek external funding alongside investment funds for reconstruction;
· Attend pledging conferences on the different crises countries to solicit implementation funds for concrete ILO proposals;
· Undertake monitoring, through a vigilant ILO field structure, of possibilities to associate ILO with support programmes for reconstruction initiated and implemented through the UN system and bilateral donors in the countries affected by the disasters;
· Ensure a regular information stream including informative leaflets and audio-visual presentations;
· Undertake frequent implementation and financial resource reviews.


Promote socio-economic reintegration and poverty alleviation of crisis-affected groups - women and men - through employment intensive investment programmes, skills training, small enterprise development, social dialogue and social safety nets and protection and increase volume of resources mobilized for such interventions.

Output 2.1: Integrated socio-economic reintegration programmes designed and implemented to provide income-generation to the crisis-affected groups

· Provide policy and technical advisory services to the relevant local institutions responsible for designing and implementing reintegration programmes;
· Assist the countries and communities to build capacity for quick identification and implementation of employment-intensive work programmes; skills training, training of trainers and reconstructing/adapting national training systems; small-scale enterprise promotion, micro-finance and local economic development programmes;
· Promote mainstreaming of gender and other equality concerns and values of ILO’s core labour standards, within the integrated reintegration programmes;
· Identify the vulnerabilities, capacities and survival/coping strategies of the crisis-affected groups to build upon them where economically feasible and socially acceptable;
· Organize national and subregional workshops on the reintegration of ex-combatants and other conflict-affected groups to enhance insights and to build capacity to formulate and implement national strategies and concerted action in relation to these groups;
· Monitor, with ILO constituents, the utilization of local human resources by national and external actors in their technical assistance interventions following the different crises;
· Assess the functioning of the social protection systems to identify inadequacies in extent of coverage of the increased numbers of vulnerable groups generated by crisis;
· Assist, with the InFocus on economic and social protection to develop an effective social protection strategy and to redesign social protection and safety net schemes to cover those most touched by the crisis in specific contexts;
· Organize national and subregional seminars on social protection in the crisis-affected contexts;
· Participate in UN inter-agency fact-finding and other in-country assessment missions in crisis contexts.

Output 2.2: Relevant employment, investment and other socio-economic policies elaborated and implemented by governments critical for crisis mitigation, general socio-economic reconstruction, generation of employment opportunities to absorb the vulnerable crisis-affected groups and general ILO values and development concerns.

· Assist governments and other national stakeholders to elaborate and implement appropriate employment policies, employment -sensitive investment and other economic and social policies that incorporate crisis mitigation, prevention and post-crisis reconstruction;
· Undertake follow-up to the ILO/UNHCR technical workshop on Micro-finance in post-conflict countries;
· Provide policy advice on labour intensive methods for reconstruction and income-generation activities through small enterprise and micro-finance;
· Build capacity of ministries of labour and the other relevant governmental structures and local stakeholders in the formulation of such policies;
· Assist in setting up new infrastructures and capacities for producing statistics, reflecting the new realities, to underpin policy making;
· Negotiate with relevant international, governmental and non-governmental bodies providing relief, socio-economic and physical reconstruction assistance to mainstream data collection on the employment impacts (absorption of locals and foreigners, wages and other forms of compensation payments) of their activities and policies in monitoring and reporting procedures.


Increase awareness at the national, regional and international levels of the importance of employment, social inequalities and other social concerns in crisis situation and of the unique ILO expertise in this area for the ILO to be in demand for advice, policies, involvement in inter-agency and other activities in crisis situations and for relevant publications, guidelines and other tools

Output 3.1: Advocacy undertaken and information disseminated on ILO’s comparative advantage as an active participant and partner with others in efforts to reduce vulnerability to crises and their adverse effects.

· Organize high-level international, regional, subregional and national conferences on the employment implications, and root causes and effects of crises;
· Develop other effective advocacy and information dissemination strategies and materials, including press releases on the matter and on ILO’s role in relation to the different crises, relevant research results, technical cooperation and publications e.g launching a high profile annual ILO publication on ILO’s rapid response to crisis e.g. launching of a high level annual publication on ILO’s rapid response to crises;
· Set up an ILO website on crises;
· Participate early in the conception and implementation of inter-agency missions (for development of UN-system’s response to a specific crisis) to ensure inclusion of labour-related issues in such response;
· Strengthen strategic alliances with other international players and for promoting the ILO concept of “crisis to development”;
· Prepare technical inputs for non-ILO conferences, other activities and publications;
· Organize jointly with UNOPS and the department of development cooperation of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and as part of the Copenhagen plus 5 celebration, a special event (seminar) focussing on societies in crisis.


Build ILO constituents’ capacity to play a greater role in crisis monitoring, prevention and tackling of the adverse consequences.

Output 4.1: The capacity and involvement of ILO’s constituents and other relevant actors in crisis resolution and reconstruction built.

· Develop packages on good practices regarding the constituents’ roles to promote and draw on the capacity of ILO constituents to tackle vulnerability to crises and the adverse effects of such crises;
· Translate the packages into the diverse relevant languages to facilitate local level usage;
· Organize capacity building training courses for the different constituents on their roles in crisis management and reconciliation;
· Plan and implement joint activities with the trade union and employers federations in responding to crisis and the needs of the constituents;
· Organize national/local workshops in the crisis-affected countries, bringing together constituents, NGOs and other key stakeholders;
· Mobilize the constituents from other countries to support the constituents and other vulnerable groups in the crisis-affected countries;
· Identify good disaster-oriented NGOs and other relevant civil society groups and UN bodies to build alliances with at the national, subregional, regional and international levels in responding to specific crisis.

Output 4.2: Local capacities and mechanisms in crisis countries to promote reconciliation, social dialogue and employment strengthened.

· develop mechanisms and measures to promote reconciliation and social dialogue between the various factions to help them on the road to reconciliation, in close collaboration with the social partners;
· reinforce traditional mechanisms for social dialogue among civil society in a large sense;
· contribute to efforts aimed at promoting reconciliation and social dialogue to turn people’s fears and hatred into feelings of security, social healing and confidence.