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close this bookBalancing Acts: Community-Based Forest Management and National Law in Asia and the Pacific (WRI, 1995, 204 pages)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentPreface
View the documentIntroduction: Forests and People
Open this folder and view contentsI. Deforestation and the Prospects for Community-Based Management
Open this folder and view contentsII. Historical Overview: Colonial Patterns of Forest Management
Open this folder and view contentsIII. Contemporary Overview: The Legacies of State Ownership
Open this folder and view contentsIV. Community-Based Forest Management. Emerging Responses
Open this folder and view contentsV. Recognizing Private Community-Based Rights
Open this folder and view contentsVI. Promoting Sustainable Forest Management Through Community-Based Tenure
View the documentVII. Conclusion
View the documentAbout the Authors
View the documentAppendix A. Sample Forest Protection Lease
View the documentAppendix B. Sample Forest Community Lease
View the documentNotes
View the documentBibliography


The authors thank the United States Agency for International Development's (USAID) Asia/Near East and Global Bureaus, and in particular Molly Kux and George Taylor, for encouragement, ideas, and financial support. Additional financial support for this work has been provided by the Ford Foundation and the International Development Research Centre, which also deserve thanks.

Special mention and appreciation is extended to the country case study co-authors: Jonathan Lindsay and Chhatrapati Singh (India); Chip Barber (Indonesia); Shantam Khadka (Nepal); Alan Marat (Papua New Guinea); Janis Alcorn (Thailand), Antoinette Royo-Fay (Philippines); and Lalanath de Silva and G.L. Anandalal Nanayakkara (Sri Lanka). Jon Lindsay was especially helpful in the drafting of Balancing Acts.

Among colleagues at World Resources Institute who provided valuable insights and other assistance are Jonathan Lash, Walt Reid, Tom Fox, Walter Arensberg, Robert Repetto, Janet Brown, Ann Thrupp, Mieke van der Wansem, Paul Faeth, Sarah Burns, Catherine Veninga, Audrey Im, and Nigel Sizer. Similar expertise was shared by the following external reviewers: Molly Kux, Daniel W. Bromley (who also contributed Box 4), Jeff Romm, Mark Poffenberger, Amrit L. Joshi, Augusta Molnar, and Mark Zimsky. Other important support was extended by H. Sheridan Plunkett, Chip Fay, Gregory Maggio, the Legal Rights and Natural Resources Center-Kasama sa Kalikasan (LRC-KSK) in the Philippines, and other who have chosen to remain anonymous.

Timely help creating an outreach plan for this book was volunteered by WRI's Policy Affairs group, especially William Visser and Michelle Corrigan.

Editorial assistance was generously and amiably provided first and foremost by Marshall S. Berdan, to whom the authors are forever indebted. Additional editorial and production help was consistently and graciously provided by Deborah Fort and Kathleen Courrier and her excellent team: Hyacinth Billings, Robbie Nichols, and Samantha Fields. The authors thank everyone for their contributions, but assume full responsibility for any errors or omissions.