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Anita Jones, director of defense research and engineering, says that information technologies in everything from high- intensity operations to low-end peacekeeping are DOD's highest priority. Next come modeling and simulation (for training, hardware design, system test and evaluation, and force planning), then sensor technologies. DOD has released a Defense Technology Plan for 19 technologies. Jones' office is finishing assessments and will recommend budget modifications. [Aerospace Daily, 10/6/94. Al Underbrink.]

ARPA is launching a new Computer-Aided Education and Training Initiative (CAETI) for K-12 and eventually DoD training. Federal DoD Dependent Schools (DODDS) will help develop and transfer the technology integrated software useful for learning. There was a 9/16/94 industry briefing, and a BAA is due soon. Rumor says that $37M is allocated for 3-4 years. [Ted Linden (, 10/3/94.] (Ted is looking for teaming partners. His company, Myriad Software, develops AI planning algorithms for user-adaptive coaches, tutors, and game characters. Initial funding came from ARPA and NSF, for simulation R&D in entertainment, education, and training markets.)

Oakland Consultancy (Cambridge, UK) has compiled research collaboration interests of many UK companies. Academics in Europe may request the hardcopy list for free., +44 (0)223 300480 Fax. [, sci.materials, 10/10/94. Bill Park.] (This may be for chemistry and materials sciences, but companies interested in collaboration are likely to have computing needs.)

Apple is sponsoring a Newton Student Developer Contest, with 1st prize a Power Mac. (2nd is $300; 3rd is $100.) Usefulness for college students will be a major criterion. Enter by 3/1/95. Details from Newton SDC, P.O. Box 7010, Eden Valley, MN 55329-7010; 1-800-294-1733. [pitt.general, 9/27/94. David Joslin.]

Bill Gates is the world's wealthiest commoner, holding Microsoft stock worth $9.35B. Warren Buffett of Berkshire Hathaway is only worth $9.2B, and John Kluge has $5.9B. The Forbes 400 lists 83 US billionaires, and the 400 together are worth $349B. 35 members are from technology industries. [AP. SJM, 10/3/94, 4A.]

How do you get the Fortune 400 interested in your work? Publish in Forbes. How do you get an article in Forbes? Get a billionaire to invest in your work. When Congress killed the search for extraterrestrial intelligence in 9/93, the director of the SETI Institute "ran out and bought 10 copies of the Forbes 400." NASA agreed to lend the special receivers, then Frank Drake and Bernard Oliver got William Hewlett and David Packard to chip in $1M each. (It required a tough 1-hour meeting.) Packard helped them reach other Silicon Valley millionaires, resulting in $1M pledges from Gordon Moore and Paul Allen. Mitch Kapor and others brought the pot to $7.5M -- enough to get started, but operations still require $3M/year. Send your spare change to Thomas Pierson, Executive Director, The SETI Institute, 2035 Landings Drive, Mountain View, CA 94043; (415) 961-6633, (415) 961-7099 Fax. [Forbes, 10/17/94, p. 49.]

The Foundation Center offers $150 full-day seminars in grant-writing and follow-through for foundation and corporate sources. NY, 10/21; Atlanta, 11/18; SF, 12/2; DC, 12/9. 1-800-424-9836. [James F. Pettus (, GRANTS-L, 10/6/94.]

Over 40 papers will be presented at the 2nd Int. Workshop on Neural Networks in the Capital Markets (NNCM-94), 11/17-18 in Pasadena. $250 for academicians, $125 for students. $50-$150 for tutorials on 11/16/94. Lucinda Acosta (, (818) 395-4843, (818) 568-8437 Fax. [Roger Debreceny (, INFOSYS, 10/1/94. Frank R. Swift.]

Considering a job in Hong Kong? Apartment rents have been skyrocketing, and can easily exceed $10K/month. (Hong Kong dollars or US dollars?) The Royal Cliff area favored by Americans can exceed $25K/month, and a house on Victoria Peak recently sold for $35M. "The wives always cry on the first day out looking at what's available." Subsidized public housing for the poorer half of Hong Kong's residents costs as little as $135/month. Office space is expensive, so a few companies are moving operations elsewhere. [Charles P. Wallace, LA Times. SJM, 10/2/94, 1E.]

The 2nd-largest software-producing area after Silicon Valley is Bangalore. Motorola recently moved its Iridium project's software production to India. [Telecommunications Policy Review, 9/25/94, p. 8. EDUPAGE.]

Oregon has lost 15,000 lumbering jobs -- due partly to the spotted owl -- but has gained 20K high-tech jobs. Much of the state now has full employment (i.e., less than 5% unemployment). [NYT. SJM, 10/11/94, 1C.] (If you spend 2% of your working life job-hunting, that's 1 month every 4 years. Too bad there's no guarantee.)

Communication Intelligence Corp. has begun Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings. CIC, a signature-verification spin-off of SRI International, developed the Mac Handwriter tablet and software for English and Japanese. [Morph's Outpost, 9/94, p. 3. Bill Park.] (See CIC's job posting, below.)

Sun has a new 64-bit UltraSparc processor chip, said to be cheaper and at least twice as fast as a Pentium. It supports video, 3-D graphics, multiprocessing, and linking of multiple chips. [Dean Takahashi, SJM, 9/20/94, 3E.]

Apple has lost an appeals bid for reconsideration of its look-and-feel lawsuit against Microsoft and HP. [SJM, 9/20/94, 3E.] (Time to get back to business, Apple. Maybe if you had just asked Bill Gates nicely for $1B he would have given it to you.)

Carl Sagan's suit against Apple has been dismissed. Sagan had objected to an internal project named "Carl Sagan." A judge has now ruled that the new name of "Butt-Head Astronomer" is too undefined to seriously attack his professional expertise. [SJM, 10/11/94, 4A.]

Edward A. Feigenbaum is taking a 2-year leave of absence from Stanford/CS to serve as chief scientist of the US Air Force -- the first information scientist to hold this post. "The view of applied science and technology that one gets in this position is positively breathtaking." [HPCwire, 10/9/94.]

Philip R. Cohen has moved from SRI to Oregon Graduate Institute of Science and Technology (Portland), where he will continue to study human and software agents., 503-690-1326, 503-690-1548 Fax. He expects additional positions this year for postdocs, MS and PhD students, and research and programming staff. [DAI-List, 9/25/94.] Sharon Oviatt has joined Phil, to start a new multidisciplinary center on HCI, NLP interfaces, multimodal systems, and intelligent agents.; 503-690-1342. [sigmedia, 9/28/94. David Joslin.]

UBrussels has an experimental adaptive hypertext network. They would like people to log in and provide word associations while browsing. [Francis Heylighen and Johan Bollen (, www-announce, 9/10/94. Roy Turner.]

Dan Thies is soliciting interest in a Usenet newsgroup about AI in computer games. Contact [, 10/2/94. David Joslin.]

UC Irvine is offering faculty positions in AI, including automated reasoning, machine learning, neural networks, planning, etc. Apply by 12/15/94 to Lisa Tellier, Dept. of Information and CS, UC Irvine, Irvine, CA 92717-3425. [Michael Pazzani (,, 10/6/94. David Joslin.]

The new CMU/UPittsburgh Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition (CNBC) and CMU Dept. of CS are soliciting applications for faculty positions in neural computation and brain function. Apply by 1/1/95 to David S. Touretzky ( [connectionists, 10/9/94. Bill Park.]

Argonne National Laboratory, Mathematics and CS Div., invites applications for the J.H. Wilkinson Fellowship in Scientific Computing. Special interest in numerical methods and software for linear algebra, optimization, unstructured mesh computations, computational differentiation, wavelets and image processing, and software tools for parallel computing. Competitive salary, moving expenses, and travel allowance. Must have PhD less than 3 years. Apply by 1/16/95 to Walter McFall (, Box mcs-wilkinson, Employment and Placement, ANL, 9700 S. Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439. [Jan Griffin (, sci.research.postdoc, 10/7/94.]

The NSF-funded DIMACS Center for Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical CS is seeking visitor and postdoctoral fellowship applications for its 1995-96 Special Year on Logic and Algorithms. Participants are Rutgers, Princeton, AT&T Bell Laboratories, and Bellcore. This year's focus is computer-aided verification, finite-model theory, and proof complexity, bridging US work on algorithms and complexity and European work on formal models and semantics. Week-long tutorials will be held, plus related workshops and the 8-day Federated Logic Conference (incorporating CADE, CAV, LICS, and RTA). Other DIMACS topics include analysis of algorithms, combinatorics, computational algebra, discrete and computational geometry, discrete optimization, graph theory, and miscellany. Research funds may be solicited from NSF as well as from DIMACS. Contact Moshe Vardi (, Eric Allender, (, or, 908-445-5928, 908-445-5932 Fax,, gopher, or telnet (login info). [dbworld, 10/8/94.] (The network-impaired may write to DIMACS Center, Rutgers University, P.O. Box 1179, Piscataway, NJ 08855-1179.)

Communication Intelligence Corp. (Redwood Shores, CA) has an immediate opening for an experienced MS research software engineer in statistics and pattern recognition for commercial handwriting recognition. C, OCR, speech, linguistics helpful. US applicants only. John S. Ostrem ( [, m.j.o, 10/5/94.] (CIC may have filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganization.)

Frontier Technology, Inc. (Santa Barbara, CA) needs US programmers for command and control training applications. C/C++/Ada, OOP, AI., (805) 965-2478 Fax. [, m.j.o, 10/3/94.]

Neuristics Corp. (Sparks, MD) needs a BS/MS/PhD statistician for hybrid AI financial modeling. C/C++ helpful. Douglas P. McCrea, 410-995-0616 Fax. [, m.j.o, 10/9/94.]

Broadway & Seymour (Raleigh, NC) needs a senior engineer and three junior engineers for a new speech recognition/dictation R&D group. Unix/X/Windows NT, Sybase, Booch OOD, C++. S.K. Dutta (, 919.319.4601 Fax. [m.j.o, 10/7/94.] (The $100M company also does OCR and financial software.)

URochester/CS (NY) has a 2-3 year postdoc opening in computer vision and robotics. Randal Nelson (, 716-275-8488. [m.j.o, 10/9/94.]

A well-funded, AI-oriented advanced development group in NJ has two MS software engineering openings in modeling and simulation systems for Army battlefield systems/resource assessment, training, wargaming, and decision support. C/C++/Motif OOP/OODB, distributed computing. US citizenship. Chad Thomas (, (703) 643-2226, (703) 643-0712 Fax. [m.j.o, 10/7/94.]

Mills College (Oakland) has a tenure-track Math/CS opening in AI and other CS topics. Apply by 1/14/95 to Chair, CS Search Committee ( [Msen Online Career Center (, m.j.o, 10/7/94.] (Mills is a liberal arts college for women.)

IBM Research (Yorktown Heights, NY) has a 1-year opening in C programming for linguistic parsing. Computational linguistics, NLP, or AI experience helpful. David E. Johnson (, 914-945-1036. [Fred J. Damerau (, LINGUIST, 10/3/94.]

Amerinex Artificial Intelligence, Inc. needs a PhD and software engineers in image understanding and massively parallel processing. Personnel, Amerinex A.I., 409 Main Street, Amherst, MA 01002. [Boston Globe, 10/9/94. Ron A. Zacharski.]

The MIT Lab. for CS, Spoken Language Systems Group, needs a research specialist/programmer for C/Lisp tools for spoken language systems development. Send 2 copies of resume and cover letter referencing Job No. 94-0676R to James H. McCarthy, MIT Personnel Office, Building E19-239, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139-4307. [Boston Globe, 10/9/94. Ron A. Zacharski.]

General Magic (Mountain View) is seeking several experienced software engineers and applications programmers.; 415-965-1583 Fax. [Kris Drenning (, ba.j.o, 10/5/94.]

Ford (Detroit) has a 1-year job (with possible 1-2 year extension) for an MS/PhD C/C++ programmer experienced in AI, layout problems, graph theory, constraint satisfaction or constraint logic, computational geometry, and possibly numerical analysis, symbolic math, combinatorial optimization, genetic algorithms, or VLSI layout. Contact Decision Consultants, Inc., 313-352-8650, 313-352-3010 Fax -- or other employment agency -- and ask that your resume be forwarded to PeopleNet attn: Jennifer Chudnof. [Peter Hodges (,, 10/6/94.]

Neuristics Corp. needs an experienced BS+ OOP/DB/GUI software engineer to integrate AI modeling, expert systems, and embedded systems in forecasting, classification, and statistical modeling R&D for credit card activation, site selection, fraud detection, biomedical pattern recognition, financial and commodities forecasting, portfolio optimization, and sports forecasting. NN, GA, FL, chaos theory, etc.; FoxPro, CodeBase, Windows SDK, and Visual C++. Neuristics Corporation, P.O. Box 387, Sparks, MD 21152, Fax: (410) 472-3218 or (410) 995-0616. [E-Span #121969, m.j.o, 10/6/94.]

USC/ISI, Intelligent Systems Div., needs a researcher for all aspects of building automatic model-based user-interface development tools. AI experience helpful. #167207, or Lisa Moses, USC/ISI, 4676 Admiralty Way, Suite 1001, Marina del Rey, CA 90292. [Pedro Szekely (, comp.human-factors, 10/6/94.]

UMelbourne needs lecturers in CS and software engineering. Apply by 10/31/94. Liz Sonenberg (, +61 3 344 9100. [m.j.o, 10/9/94.]

Centre for Basic Research in CS (Denmark) has postdoc openings in logic, semantics and algorithmics. 1-2 years. For info on BRICS, access or FTP pub/BRICS/README from, Dept. of CS, U. of Aarhus, Ny Munkegade, building 540, DK - 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark; +45 8942 3360, +45 8942 3255 Fax. [Sylvain Petitjean (, sci.research.postdoc, 10/7/94.]

UTuebingen (Germany), Seminar fuer Sprachwissenschaft (SfS), is offering a 3-year (renewable) post of Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter in computational linguistics starting 1/1/94. Special interests are parsing, generation, constraint logic programming, logic program transformations, and typed unification- based grammar formalisms. Apply by 10/31/94 to Dale Gerdemann ( [LINGUIST, 10/1/94.]

Queensland University of Technology, Gardens Point (City Centre) campus, needs a senior lecturer in programming languages, software engineering, operating systems, neurocomputing, or computer architecture. George Mohay (, +61 7 864 1964, +61 7 964 1801 Fax. Apply by 10/28/94. [Joachim Diederich (, connectionists, 10/3/94.]

AI-Nat covers AI in agriculture, natural resource management, mining, water resources, defense of the natural world, and real-world planning. Send a "subscribe ai-nat your name" message to [Bob Mackay (, ai-nat FAQ, 9/14/94. Roy Turner.]

XTAR is a new list for teachers as researchers, or "anyone involved in classroom inquiry." Send a "subscribe xtar your name" message to [Bill Blanton (, AERA, 10/6/94. net-hap.]

Women's Leadership Connection is a daily online news/discussion service for professional women, homemakers, and mothers (and men). [St. Petersburg Times, 10/4/94, E1. EDUPAGE.] (Anyone have an address for this?)

MacSciTech Scientific and Technical Users Association (Worcester, MA), founded 1991, supports professional scientific and engineering computing: chemists, physicists, biologists, design and test engineers, aerospace, social scientists, educators, etc. SciTech Journal includes technology briefs, product announcements and reviews, and how-to articles, and will become a monthly starting 1/95. SEAM technical conferences are supported, as well as local meetings world-wide. Apple solution guides and third-party product directories are provided free; also Mac software archives, online meetings (incl. Unix and Windows SIGs), Q&A forums, hardware and software discounts, a membership directory, and free online advice from 28 volunteer experts. Several CD ROMs have been produced, and MacSciTech sells CD-ROM mastering, back issues, books, and other services. New members get Brand Fortner's "The Data Handbook," a $39.95 guide to visualization and use of technical data, including standard data formats such as DLIS, DXF, GRIB, PHIGS, SEG-Y, Plot3D, ACR-NEMA, netCDF, PICT, and IGES. $50/year, or $75 outside the US and Canada; $30/$55 for students. Contact Shari Worthington ( or, (508) 755-5242, (508) 795-1636 Fax. [Mark Worthington (, comp.sys.mac.scitech, 10/5/94.] (Sounds like a great way to network with people who have access to real data analysis problems.)

A Harris poll shows only 33% interest in interactive home shopping and 40% in movies or sports specials on demand, but greater interest in email (50%), health-care information, lists of government services, a phone directory, product reviews, and customized news reports (75%). [WSJ, 10/5/94, B9. EDUPAGE.] (Empowerment. Disintermediation. Useful knowledge. There's hope for America yet.)

The median age of Internet users will drop from 26 to 15 in five years. [MIT study. BLP, 10/15/94, p. 10. EDUPAGE.] (Really? My kids have homework; no time for the net.)

Commercial versions of Mosaic, due soon, will be more than ten times faster. [Internet Business Report, 9/94, p. 1. EDUPAGE.]

IPv6, from the Internet Protocol next-generation group, will expand TCP/IP addressing from 4 bytes to 16. Protocols will include user authentication and a 28-bit flow label for time-sensitive packets such as audio and video. [Data Communications, 9/94, p. 16. EDUPAGE.]

Lawyers Canter and Siegel are publishing "How To Make a Fortune on the Information Superhighway" (HarperReference). The initial printing has been quadrupled, to 100K copies, due to spam-related controversy/publicity. [NYT, 9/21/94, B2. EDUPAGE.]

MeklerWeb has opened, with participants paying $25K/year membership and $25K for help designing online pages. Andersen Consulting was the first to sign up. [WSJ, 10/5/94, B9. EDUPAGE.] (Fortune 500 corporations selling to each other via WWW? OK, but for what exactly do they need the net?)

Reed Elsevier will pay $1.5B for Mead Corp.'s Lexis/Nexis online information business. [WSJ, 10/5/94, A3. EDUCORP.] (It was a "heated auction," so there's big money available for information services.)

Internet users in Australia will soon have to pay up to US$1.50 per MB sent or received. The fees will pay for network upgrades. [Chronicle of Higher Education, 10/3/94, A23. EDUPAGE.]

Free-net systems in Canada do not qualify as nonprofit charitable organizations under an 1891 tax rule because they do not have a location for education, nor do they offer therapy for shut-ins or counseling for the abused. [Peter F. Harter (, Communet, 9/18/94. Roy Turner.]

Santa Rosa Community College is working with DoE's Office for Civil Rights regarding hostile remarks on a male-only bboard about two women. OCR rejected First Amendment claims, saying the computer conference was an educational program rather than a public forum. [Chronicle of Higher Education, 9/28/94, A26. EDUPAGE.]

USC offers a "really cool" robot demo via Mosaic or WWW forms-capable clients. Connect to and move a real robot arm to excavate buried artifacts (using bursts of air). [Carl Sutter (, c.i.www.users, 9/7/94. James Cerny and Roy Turner (] (Roy had trouble connecting during peak hours.)

An MIT student has programmed a robotic arm for virtual-reality force feedback against an operator's fingertip. 13 "Phantoms" have been sold at $19,500 each, with Interval Research buying four. Comparable systems sell for $200K. [WSJ, 8/23/94, B1. EDUPAGE.]

"Robots, wanderers, and spiders" are listed and described on [Michael N. Huhns (, DAI-List, 9/16/94. Roy Turner.]

David Hinkle at Lockheed's AI Center says the Nomad 200 mobile robot has proven robust and reliable. The base is stable, powerful, and has a strong bumper with two rings of sonar or infrared sensors. Its laser range finder, on an independent turret axis, is accurate to 1/10 inch. A manipulator arm is available, and high-level software kits and a good simulator simplify programming. "Just because something works on a simulator doesn't mean that it will work on real hardware. But if it doesn't work on a simulator, it definitely won't work on the hardware." [, comp.robotics, 9/6/94.]

Kurt Konolige demo'd SRI's Flakey robot on the Scientific American science TV show. Flakey accepted several continuous- speech spoken commands from Alan Alda without training (probably using SRI's DECIPHER system). It also learned offices by exploring and being told whose they were, and showed initiative and reasoning in tracking down a person to get a document. That segment was followed by a "mindblowing" video of artificial-life critters that Karl Sims evolved to swim and walk. [Bill Park (, 10/8/94.]

Commercially available machine translation systems were shown at AAAI '94. "Intelligent Translator" for English <-> French uses patented semantic tables to relate sentence components; $100 from Logos Corp. (Mount Arlington, VA). "LogoVista" for English -> Japanese gives a "first approximation" translation in real time; $1,995 from Language Engineering Corp. (Belmont, MA). "Metal" translates whole English, German, and Spanish sentences to "draft-quality"; $19K per language pair + $6K for server software, from Sietec Open Systems (Don Mills, Ontario). "Kant" uses semantic representations independent of specific language pairs; $100K from Alantra Systems Inc. (Pittsburgh, PA). Globalink Inc. (Fairfax, VA) showed a system that tranlates English, French, German, Russian, Chinese, and Italian using a dictionary technology to identify semantic units. Systran Translation Systems Inc.'s "Systran" can translate 25 language pairs ($15K installation + $25K for a 1M-word license). [R. Colin Johnson, EETimes, 9/12/94, p. 37.]

Applied Neurodynamics (Encinitas, CA) is experimenting with a way of multiplexing analog neurons so that the brain's 3D interconnections can be simulated in 2D silicon. A difficulty is that multiplexing destroys the temporal relationships underlying analog computation. Carver Mead prefers that time be its own representation. [R. Colin Johnson, EETimes, 9/26/94, p. 39.]

Remember Oxford's challenge for inductive programs to learn train schedules? Results are now available in pub/Packages/ILP on The compressed version is results.tar.Z. [David Page (,, 10/7/94. David Joslin.]

A What's New list of changes to the KQML information on the web is on [, DAI-List, 9/25/94.] (The KQML knowledge-modeling language may gain support from ties between Stanford and builders of software agents and Internet commerce software. Stanford, Xerox, EIT, etc., are also winners in the Digital Libraries competition, with a project based on remote information retrieval.)

David Kittinger's WChess, running on a 90MHz Pentium, has won the Harvard Cup Human vs. Computer Chess Challenge undefeated, 4-2-0. Kittinger says WChess may have just been lucky in the fast-paced games. Human grand masters scored 29.5 to 18.5 for the eight computer programs. [Rory J. O'Connor, SJM, 10/5/94, 1G.]

Linus Pauling was frequently asked his advice for young people entering the sciences. His answer was "Get married young, and stay married. Second, I say try to decide what you like to do best -- what you enjoy doing -- and then check up and see if it's possible for you to earn a living doing it." [mini-AIR, 8/94.]

Programmers on the Windows NT project routinely worked 16-hour days, sometimes not leaving the office for days. "One wonders whether, years from now, even one of them will take his granddaughter by the hand, point out a section of code, and say proudly 'I wrote that, back in 1992.'" [David Nicholson, Washington Post. SJM, 10/3/94, 12C.] (Nicholson finds G. Pascal Zachary's 312-page history of the NT project lacking in human interest. An exception is taskmaster David Cutler, whose management by intimidation is portrayed as "dedicated, disciplined, and utterly detestable.")

The best job in computer science? Steve Holden suggests Apple Fellow, a position held by Steve Capps, Alan Kay, Andy Herzfield, Bill Atkinson, and Don Norman. [, NewtNews, 10/10/94. Bill Park.]

The average CIO tenure is just 40 months. [Information Week, 10/10/94, p. 30. EDUPAGE.] (Yet 1/3 are millionaires. Quite a career path.)

Machine-oriented managers assume permanence of solutions; people-oriented managers assume transience of solutions. [Harvard Business Review, 3/4/94. EDUPAGE.]

One survey by SRI, Harvard, and the Carnegie Foundation reported that 85% of job success comes from people skills rather than technical skills and knowledge. [Anne Baber and Lynne Waymon, "Great Connections (2nd ed.)", 1992, p. 11.]

"I will pay more for the ability to deal with people than for any other ability under the sun." -- John D. Rockefeller.

What must you know to be hired by today's competitive businesses? Nothing in particular. Tom Peters' advice to bosses is "Hire neat people you like; you can teach the rest." His idea of a great company is a community where you can do neat things together, growing individually and with your peers -- a trusting, committed, nurturing environment with sky-high expectations for performance and accountability enforced by one's mentor-peers. And no random drug testing. Peters employs about 25 "wonderful people," with "more degreed and multi-degreed folks than the average fast-food place." [SJM, 10/10/94, 3D.]

"Letitia Baldrige's New Complete Guide to Executive Manners" (Rawson Associates) offers some advice on business lunching. Select a restaurant for your guest's convenience and preferences, and make sure the time, travel arrangements, and financial responsibilities are clear. Call your guest again that morning to confirm, then reconfirm the reservation. Pay for the taxi or garage fee if you arrive together. If your guest is late, sit without drinking or disturbing the table setting. The waiter should always attend to your guest first. (A woman hosting male guests may have to make this clear beforehand.) Chat for 10 minutes before introducing business. In a fine restaurant, leave a 20% tip. A wine steward gets 8% of the wine cost ($5 minimum); checked coats are $1 each. If the maitre d' was especially helpful, give $5-$10 as you leave. [Home Office Computing, 8/94. Todd Merriman, SEML, 8/11/94.] (For large parties, negotiate menu, service, and gratuity range with the maitre d' in advance. An attentive maitre d' takes responsibility for your comfort, and should be willing to supervise the waiters or to deal with the kitchen staff on your behalf.)

Thank-you notes? Educational Testing Service has found that word-processed essays are judged poorer than the same words when hand-written. Perhaps they appear shorter or the errors stand out more. [Chronicle of Higher Education, 9/28/94, A25. EDUPAGE.] (Or the lines don't break at phrase boundaries, or the white space and artistic content are missing, or the reader misses stroke- based evidence of the writer's feelings. Compare Japanese calligraphy with typewriter text. You can't hand-write email, but give it a try for love notes, birthday cards, thank-yous, and memos. Journal text is not the ultimate literary form. :-)

-- Ken