|Natural Disasters in South East Asia and Bangladesh - Vulnerability Risks and Consequences (Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters - International Center for Training Exchanges in the Geosciences, 1998, 83 p.)|
This study consists of four parts.
The first part is an analysis of the consequences of natural disasters in South East Asia and Bangladesh that allows the drawing up of an overall assessment in terms of events, effects on humans and on the economies of the societies concerned.
The second part defines types of hazards and particularly in regard to their nature, frequency and spatial distribution. The analysis is based on a comparison between the potentialities and the phenomena that have occurred. A typological classification of the countries according to their degree of exposure to hazards is finally presented.
The third part is an analysis of the vulnerability of the countries in the region using a selection of socio-economic and demographic criteria. This analysis leads to a first classification of the countries based on these criteria. The degrees of vulnerability together with the degrees of exposure to natural hazards are then crossed and used to define the global risk levels of the countries under study and classify them according to their risk level.
The fourth part considers that the global approach to risks is insufficient since the diversities in each country are not taken into account. Therefore with a perspective of actions adapted to prevention and preparedness and considering the different physical and human characteristics, a synoptic assessment of the risks was effected on a national scale in order to identify different territories prone to risks.