|Meeting the Behavioural Data Collection Needs of National HIV/AIDS and STD Programmes (Implementing AIDS Prevention and Care Project - Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS - United States Agency for International Development, 1998, 41 p.)|
While cross-sectional behavioural data are clearly useful in determining who is at risk of infection and why, data showing trends over time are needed to explain changes in the epidemic and demonstrate the success of national programmes in reducing risk behaviour. Behavioural data collection systems should therefore be constructed to provide information over the long term.
In order to ensure sustainability, there is a need to rely on local expertise to carry out these surveys. When needed, special training should be targeted to host country institutions, such as government ministries, university departments, private companies, or NGOs, that are likely candidates for implementing and maintaining the recommended behavioural data collection systems. This process of institutionalisation of local skills in data collection is crucial to ensure better quality as well as sustainability of programme monitoring and evaluation activities.