|An Overview of Disaster Management (Department of Humanitarian Affairs/United Nations Disaster Relief Office - United Nations Development Programme , 1992, 136 p.)|
Purpose and scope
An Overview of Disaster Management is designed to introduce the subject of disaster management to an audience of UN organization professionals who form disaster management teams, as well as to government counterpart agencies, NGOs, and donors. The training is designed to increase the audiences awareness of the nature and management of disasters. This should lead to better performance in disaster preparedness and response. By questioning the inevitability of disasters, we hope you can begin to see mitigation of disasters as a component of development, and disasters as opportunities to further development goals.
In this course we take a broad view of disasters. We will not try to separate out problems rooted in environmental degradation as a distinct set of responsibilities. It also includes emergencies which encompass the need to provide assistance to large populations displaced by the forces of civil conflict or other emergencies.
Much of the courses content is based on the UNDP/UNDRO Disaster Manual and follows its principles, procedures, and terminology.
Overall learning objectives
The overall objectives of this training module aim to
create interest in disaster management
link the learning to your work activities
relate the learning to your values and attitudes about disaster management
We hope this will be achieved through your reading of this text and completing the suggested exercises. Specifically, you should be able to do the following:
describe the relationship among hazard, vulnerability and disasters
describe the basic concepts, aims, and elements of disaster and emergency management
describe the range of available preparedness/mitigation measures, consider their appropriateness, opportunities, limitations and modalities of implementation through development activities
clarify the purpose, function and means of response of the UN agencies involved in the emergency scenario and particularly that of the UN Disaster Management Team.
Q. Before you go on, write down two or three key reasons why you are studying this course on disaster management.
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Compare your reasons with those of others that are on the following paragraphs.
Importance of training for disaster management
Why are disasters and disaster management training of concern to country governments, to the UN and, in particular, to UNDP and UNDRO? How can governments and UNDP justify adding disaster management to their long lists of competing priorities? There are several answers to these questions.
This module is intended for two audiences, the self-study learner and the participant in a training workshop. The following training methods are planned for use in workshops and are simulated in the written module. For the self-study learner the text is as close to a tutor as can be managed in print.
Workshop training methods include
· group discussions
· simulations/role plays
· supplementary handouts
· review sessions
· self-assessment exercises
You are invited to use this text as a workbook. In addition to note-taking in the margins, you will be given the opportunity to stop and examine your learning along the way through questions included in the text. Write down your answers to these questions before proceeding to ensure that you have captured key points of the text.
This text is divided into four parts. Part One describes what hazards are, why they become disasters, and how they affect development.
Part Two identifies the scope of disaster management, what your role may be in it, and focuses on preparedness aspects.
Part Three accepts that some disasters will occur and examines how to respond to them.
Part Four presents disaster mitigation as a set of activities that reduce the risk and impact of disasters.
This training module is complemented by two short videos, The UN and disaster response, and Disaster mitigation: how to lessen the damage through proper development. You would benefit from making arrangements to view these videos and from reviewing the accompanying discussion questions.