Cover Image
close this bookConducting Environmental Impact Assessment in Developing Countries (United Nations University, 1999, 375 p.)
close this folder3. EIA process
close this folder3.2 Principles in managing EIA
View the document(introduction...)
View the document3.2.1 Principle 1: Focus on the main issues
View the document3.2.2 Principle 2: Involve the appropriate persons and groups
View the document3.2.3 Principle 3: Link information to decisions about the project
View the document3.2.4 Principle 4: Present clear options for the mitigation of impacts and for sound environmental management
View the document3.2.5 Principle 5: Provide information in a form useful to the decision makers

3.2.2 Principle 2: Involve the appropriate persons and groups

Another equally important point to be considered is selectivity when involving people in the EIA process. Generally, three categories of participants are needed to carry out an EIA:

• those appointed to manage and undertake the EIA process (usually a coordinator and a staff of experts);

• those who can contribute with facts, ideas, or concerns to the study, including scientists, economists, engineers, policy makers, and representatives of interested or affected groups;

• those who have direct authority to permit, control, or alter the projects, that is, the decision makers - including, for example, the developer, aid agency or investors, competent authorities, regulators, and politicians.

The key issue of this principle is ensuring public participation in the process of EIA whereby involvement of all the stakeholders in the project is ensured.