|Conducting Environmental Impact Assessment in Developing Countries (United Nations University, 1999, 375 p.)|
|3. EIA process|
|3.2 Principles in managing EIA|
An EIA should be organized so that it directly supports the decisions that need to be taken about the proposed project. It should start early enough to provide information to improve basic designs and should progress through the several stages of project planning. As stated in Chapter 2, EIA should be handled concurrently and in an integrated way, as shown in the project cycle (see Fig. 2.2).
In a typical sequence:
• when the developer and investors first broach the project concept, they consider likely environmental issues;
• when the developer is looking for sites or routes, environmental considerations are used to aid the selection process;
• when the developer and investors are assessing the project's feasibility, EIA should be initiated to help in anticipating any concerns or problems;
• when engineers are designing the project, the EIA identifies certain standards for the design to meet;
• when a permit is requested, a complete EIA report is submitted, and published for general comment;
• when the developer implements the project, monitoring or other measures provided for in the EIA are undertaken.
The central idea of this principle is that it is essential to integrate the process of EIA into the project cycle by incorporating it right from the project-planning stage.