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close this bookConducting Environmental Impact Assessment in Developing Countries (United Nations University, 1999, 375 p.)
close this folder2. Introduction to EIA
close this folder2.4 Effectiveness of EIA
View the document(introduction...)
View the document2.4.1 Legal regulations
View the document2.4.2 Rational and open decision-making
View the document2.4.3 Project EIA sustained by strategic EIA
View the document2.4.4 Room for public participation
View the document2.4.5 Independent review and central information
View the document2.4.6 Scoping in EIA
View the document2.4.7 Quality of the EIA

2.4.7 Quality of the EIA

Sound decision-making should be based on good EIA, containing at least:

• information on the environmental impact of the proposed activity and its alternatives, including an environmentally friendly alternative;

• comparison of all (relevant) alternatives;

• comparison of impacts with environmental objectives and standards and (implicit) evaluation of the latter;

• survey of gaps of knowledge.

A good presentation of the EIA report is important, as it enables a proper use by all participants.

At the heart of the EIA is the development and comparison of alternatives in regard to the environmental impacts. Constructing a (realistic) environmentally most friendly alternative is the most interesting and most creative part of EIA, containing possibilities for breaking new ground. As long as the influence of environmental measures does not suffice to counteract the increasing deterioration in quality of the environment, conducting an EIA is justified.