|Conducting Environmental Impact Assessment in Developing Countries (United Nations University, 1999, 375 p.)|
|2. Introduction to EIA|
|2.4 Effectiveness of EIA|
Sound decision-making should be based on good EIA, containing at least:
• information on the environmental impact of the proposed activity and its alternatives, including an environmentally friendly alternative;
• comparison of all (relevant) alternatives;
• comparison of impacts with environmental objectives and standards and (implicit) evaluation of the latter;
• survey of gaps of knowledge.
A good presentation of the EIA report is important, as it enables a proper use by all participants.
At the heart of the EIA is the development and comparison of alternatives in regard to the environmental impacts. Constructing a (realistic) environmentally most friendly alternative is the most interesting and most creative part of EIA, containing possibilities for breaking new ground. As long as the influence of environmental measures does not suffice to counteract the increasing deterioration in quality of the environment, conducting an EIA is justified.