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close this bookCreative Training - A User's Guide (IIRR, 1998)
View the document(introduction...)
Open this folder and view contentsHow was this user's guide to creative training produced?
View the documentIt came one night...
Open this folder and view contentsBasic facilitation skills
Open this folder and view contentsTraining needs assessment
View the documentWII-FM (what's in it for me?)
Open this folder and view contentsEvaluation techniques
Open this folder and view contentsEnergizers
View the documentForming groups
View the documentCreative congratulations
View the documentRelaxers
Open this folder and view contentsMood setting exercises
Open this folder and view contentsLectures
View the documentMind mapping
View the documentCreative use of overhead projectors
View the documentSlide/photo presentations
View the documentVisual spicers
View the documentPosters as problem-posing materials
Open this folder and view contentsDrawing and chalk talk
Open this folder and view contentsSelf-expression through pictures
View the documentBody language
View the documentVisual gestural communication
View the documentShadow plays
View the documentEasy puppets
View the documentBasic theater skills
View the documentRole play
View the documentAnimated comics role play activity
View the documentFolkstorytelling: Stories come alive!
View the documentOral testimonies
View the documentLifeline
View the documentTimelines
View the documentMap-making
Open this folder and view contentsMaking and using case studies
View the documentAction research
Open this folder and view contentsField trips
Open this folder and view contentsPhysical activities as educational tools
Open this folder and view contentsGames
View the documentContact organizations
View the documentWorkshop participants
View the documentWorkshop production staff

Mind mapping

Mind mapping is an activity that allows an entire subject to be presented on a single sheet of paper through the use of symbols, words, lines and arrows. It is also used as an awareness raising tool in unfolding key concepts, e.g., power, development, justice, etc.



Mind maps can be used as:

· visual aids
· speaker's guides
· note making techniques
· evaluation tools
· brainstorming/awareness raising tools

Suggested approach

Mind maps can be made individually or by a group.

1. Print the main topic or idea in the middle of a sheet of paper or black board and enclose in a circle, square or other shape.

2. Add a branch extending out from the center for each key point or idea. The number of branches will vary with the number of ideas or segments. Use a different color for each branch.

3. Write a keyword or phrase on each branch and add details. Keywords are those that convey the heart of an idea and trigger memory

4. Add further branches, stemming from the first set of keywords, as you explore the topic in greater depth.

5. Connect ideas which are closely related to each other through the use of more lines and branches.



· Add symbols and illustrations for better recall. Use legible, CAPITAL letters, make important ideas longer, underline words use different colors and bold letters.


· Magazine pictures and photos which are related to the topic can be used as an alternative to symbols or keywords.

Mind maps as visual aids

The facilitator uses a mind map as a guide to present ideas and the relationship between them. Portions that are not being used can be covered so as not to distract the participants' attention. There is also a need to use common symbols that participants can identify with.

Mind maps as speaker's guides

Instead of using index cards, a mind map is used to outline a speech or lecture and remind the speaker of what to say. This is a suggested alternative to the traditional, structured listing of major points. It is for the speaker's personal use.

Mind mapping as a note making technique

Consider the section on "Suggested ways of making mind maps" when using mind maps as a notemaking tool. It is important to note, however, that in using abbreviations, familiar ones should be used for easy recall.

Mind mapping as an evaluation tool

A mind map is used to measure the extent of the participants' understanding of a concept or a situation which was presented. They are asked to draw a mind map that illustrates what they understand, either individually or as a group.

Mind mapping as a brainstorming/awareness raising tool

This starts with a broad concept presented to the participants for them to reflect on. The facilitator guides the discussion. Key concepts are unfolded by asking, "What contributed to this?", "Why is it so?", "How did it happen?" or "What influenced it?". The facilitator guides the participants to considering areas of the map in a more detailed way. This may lead to a main branch sprouting several sub-branches.


In an "empowerment workshop" in an urban poor community in Quezon City, a need to dissect the word "power" emerged. The facilitator asked question, "In your opinion who do you think are the most powerful people?" and "What are the most powerful organizations in your community?" Through a mind map, participants came out with the following:


Through the activity, the participants realized that they had limited access to the various sources of power in their lives. They realized that unless they could organize themselves to forge a common goal and purpose they would not be heard. The facilitator built on the insights of the group to start the empowerment workshop.


· Flexible activity
· Focuses attention and increases capacity of recall

REFERENCE: Quantum learning by B. Deporter and At. Hernacki.