|Violence against Women (WB)|
World bank discussion paper no. 255
World Bank Discussion Papers
The Hidden Health Burden
Lori L. Heise with Jacqueline Pitanguy and Adrienne Germain
The World Bank Washington, D.C.
Copyright (c) The International Bank for Reconstruction and
The WORLD BANK 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433, U.S.A.
All rights reserved
Manufactured in the United States of America
First printing July 1994
Wife beating is an accepted custom...we are wasting our time
debating the issue.
Comment made by parliamentarian during floor debates on wife battering in Papua New Guinea ("Wife Beating" 1987).
A wife married is like a pony bought; I'll ride her and whip
her as I like."
Chinese proverb (Croll 1980).
"Women should wear purdah [head-to-toe covering] to ensure that innocent men do not get unnecessarily excited by women's bodies and are not unconsciously forced into becoming rapists. If women do not want to fall prey to such men, they should take the necessary precautions instead of forever blaming the men..
Comment made by a parliamentarian of the ruling Barisan National Party during floor defies on reform of rape laws in Malaysia (Heise 1391).
The boys never meant any harm to the girls. They just wanted
Statement by the deputy principal of St. Kizito's hoarding school in Kenya after 71 girls were raped and 19 others died in an attack by boys in the school ascribed to the girls ' refusal to join them in a strike against the school's headmaster (Perlez 199l).
Breast bruised, brains battered, Skin scarred, soul
shattered, Can't scream-neighbors stare, Cry for help-no one's
Stanza from a poem by Nenna Nehru, a battered Indian woman (APDC 1989).
The child was sexually aggressive.
Justification given by a judge in British Columbia, Canada, for suspending the sentence of a 33-year old man who had sexually assaulted a three-year-old girl (Canada, House of Commons 1991).
Are you a virgin? If you are not a virgin, why do you
complain? This is normal.
Response by the assistant to the public prosecutor in Peru when nursing student Betty Fernandez reported being sexually molested by police officers while in custody (Kirk 1993).