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close this bookViolence against Women (WB)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentInformation
View the documentForeword
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentAbstract
View the document1. introduction
View the document2. The scope and evolution of the problem
View the document3. A primer on violence against women
View the document4. health consequences of gender-based violence
View the document5. Implications of gender violence for health and development
View the document6. Steps toward eliminating violence against women
View the document7. Research needs
View the document8. Conclusions
Open this folder and view contentsAppendix
View the documentNotes
View the documentBibliography


Discussion Papers present results of country analysis or research that are circulated to encourage discussion and comment within the development community. To present these results with the least possible delay, the typescript of this paper has not been prepared in accordance with the procedures appropriate to formal punted texts, and the World Bank accepts no responsibility for errors. Some sources cited in this paper may be informal documents that are not readily available.

The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are entirely those of the author(s) and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank, to its affiliated organizations, or to members of its Board of Executive Directors or the countries they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility whatsoever for any consequence of their use. Any maps that accompany the text have been prepared solely for the convenience of readers; the designations and presentation of material in them do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Bank, its affiliates, or its Board or member countries concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city, or area or of the authorities thereof or concerning the delimitation of its boundaries or its national affiliation.

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ISSN: 0259-210X

Lori L Heise is director of the Violence, Health and Development Project, Pacific Institute for Women's Health, Washington, D.C. Jacqueline Pitanguy is president and founder of CEPIA (Citizenship, Studies, Information and Action), Rio de Jareiro, Brazil. Adrienne Germain is vice president of the International Women's Health Coalition, New York. At the time of writing, all were consultants to the World Bank's Population, Health and Nutrition Department.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Heisi, Lori.
Violence against women: the hidden health burden / Lori L. Heise with Jacqueline Pitanguy and Adrienne Germain. p cm. - (World Bank discussion papers; 255)

Includes bibliographical references
ISBN 0-21-298-4

1. Wife abuse-Health aspects.
2 Women-Crimes against-Health aspects
3 Sex crimes Health aspects.

I. Pitanguy, Jacqueline.
II. Germain. Adrienne.
III. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
IV. Title.
V. Series. HV6626 H38 1994 362.1968582200973-dc20 94-27745 CIP