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close this bookInitial Environmental Assessment: Urban Development - Series no 12 (NORAD, 1996)
close this folderPart I: Urban development. The urban environment, projects and environmental impacts.
close this folder3 Possible environmental impacts
View the document(introduction...)
View the document3.1 Air, water and soil
View the document3.2 Vegetation, fauna and ecosystems
View the document3.3 Management of natural resources
View the document3.4 Climate
View the document3.5 Landscape, architecture and cultural heritage
View the document3.6 Health
View the document3.7 Way of life

3.7 Way of life

The process of urbanization may create social and ethnic conflicts through various population groups migrating to urban areas and confronting a completely new way of life. If employment and possibilities of practicing religion and different ways of life are not met the possibilities of conflict may increase. Conflicts may occur when urban development through land expansion or increased need for natural resources impacts areas utilised by population groups which have not adopted urban life and desire to retain their way of life.

Housing projects may result in that people must move from illegal settlements or slum areas. Forced relocation may entail a break with the established social environment and social network (see also 3.6). Alternatively the possibilities of rehabilitating existing settlement areas can be considered, in which case the inhabitants participate in decisions on design and content.

In the Case of construction projects (houses etc.,) religious and cultural aspects must be considered. These may be decisive for whether parts of a building and/or its outdoor area must be prepared for religious activities or special ways of life, customs or conceptions.