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close this bookIncome Generation Schemes for the Urban Poor (Oxfam, 1990, 144 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the documentIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsPart I - Poverty and interventions
Open this folder and view contentsPart II - Some key issues in income generation interventions
Open this folder and view contentsPart III - Guidelines on business organisation
Open this folder and view contentsPart IV - General guidelines for interveners
View the documentBibliography


ALLAL, M. and Chuta, E., (1982), Cottage Industries and Handicrafts, Geneva: International Labour Office. (Stresses importance of very small enterprises and describes constraints faced by interveners aiming to support them. Procedural guidelines for formulating, implementing, monitoring and evaluating appropriate programmes for promoting small enterprises.)

ASHE, J. et al, (1981), The Pisces Studies, Washington DC: United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

ASHE, J., (1985), The Pisces Experience; Vol. I Local Efforts in Microenterprise Development; Vol. 11 Case Studies from Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, Kenya and Egypt, Washington DC: USAID. (Good references for people running small enterprise development programmes. Includes case studies and guidelines for project design and implementation.)

BOTTOMLEY, T., (1989), Farmer-centred Enterprise for Agricultural Development, Oxford: Plunkett Foundation for Cooperative Studies. (Useful review and practical advice on interventions to assist agricultural enterprises.)

BOTTOMLEY, T., Business Arithmetic for Cooperatives and Other Small Businesses, London: Intermediate Technology Publications. (Good guide to basic business accounting and arithmetic.)

Business Arithmetic, Norwalk, USA: Technoserve, Inc. (Very clear, useful back-up for trainers in accounts and book-keeping and for general advice workers.)

DEVEREUX, S., Pares, H., with Best, J., (1990), Credit and Savings for Development, Development Guidelines No. 1, Oxford: Oxfam. ( new edition; previously published as A Manual of Credit and Savings for the poor of Developing Countries, (1987.) (Comprehensive, practical guide to the settingup of credit and savings schemes.)

FERRERA, M.D. and LATOWSKY, RJ., (1987), Partnership for Productivity: Somalia, [Final Assessment Report Refugee Enterprise Development Project No. 648.0123, Washington DC: USAID. (Interesting assessment of skill training initiatives established under a programme in Somalia.)

GILBERT, A. and GUGLER, J., (1981), Cities, Poverty and Development: Urbanisation in the Third World, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Comprehensive background to Third World urbanisation; tries to relate urban phenomena to the process of development in an unequal world.)

GRIERSON, J.P., (1988), Vocational Training and Self-employment: Lessons from the field, Cranfield/Rugby: Cranfield School of Management/lntermediate Technology Development Group. (Comprehensive and lucid coverage of problems of vocational training.)

HARPER, M., (1984), Entrepreneurship for the Poor, London: Intermediate Technology Publications. (Useful appraisal of appropriate skill training methods.)

HARPER, M. and RAMACHANDRAN, K., (1984), Small Business Promotion: Case studies from developing countries, London: Intermediate Technology Publications. (Selected case studies, very useful practical information.)

HARPER, M., (1987), Training or the Informal Sector: Case studies from Colombia, Malawi, Somalia and Sudan, Geneva: International Labour office. (Very good case studies of advisory services for refugees in Somalia.)

LEVITSKY, J., (ed.), (1989), Microenterprises in Developing Countries, London: Intermediate Technology Publications. (Good general overview of small business development with lots of practical ideas. Useful chapter on training and technical assistance by Malcolm Harper, with discussion of cost-effective training.)

MILLARD, E., (1987), Financial Management of a Small Handicraft Business, Oxford/London: Oxfam/lntermediate Technology Publications. (Deals with application of financial management techniques to a small production unit. Useful reference for those with good formal education. Very good sections on controlling working capital, costing and pricing.)

NECK, P. and NELSON, R., (1987), Small Enterprise Development: Policies and programmes, Geneva: International Labour Organisation. (Compares different strategies for small enterprise development using examples of current policies and programmes in both industrialised and developed countries.)

PINZAS, T., (1988), Urban Income Generating Interventions: The Chilean experience; the Peruvian experience; the Bolivian experience, unpublished research work for Oxfam. (useful survey that draws out interesting conclusions.)

PRATT, B., (1987), Evaluation of ACORD Small Business Programme: Port Sudan, unpublished evaluation for Oxfam. (Useful case study, bringing out practical problems, ideas and principles.)

PURAO, P. and SAVARA, M., (1983), Courage in Living: Annapurna women tell their own life stories, Bombay: Annapurna Mahila Maudal.
(Describes 'Annapurna Mahila Maudal', a good example of a grassroots organisation for women, which has over 6,000 members, providing bridging loan functions on group-guarantee basis.)

ROLFE, C., ROLFE, C., HARPER, M., (1987), Refugee Enterprise: It can be done, London: Intermediate Technology Publications.
(Very good practical guide to starting and running refugee income generating projects.)

Women and Small Business, (1985), New York: International Women's Tribune Centre.
(Collection of IWTC Newsletters dealing with women's involvement in business and finance. Very clear and accessible guide to many key issues for women in business management.)