Cover Image
close this bookStrategies and Methods for Teaching Values in the Context of Science and Technology (APEID - UNESCO, 1993, 61 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentChapter One: Synthesis of Country Papers: 'Trends and Issues'
View the documentChapter Two: Concept Identification and Formation of Values Through Teaching of Science
View the documentChapter Three: Approaches for Facilitating Values Formation
View the documentChapter Four: Evaluation of Values
View the documentChapter Five: Recommendations
Open this folder and view contentsAnnex
View the documentBack cover


In accordance with the 1991 Programme of Activities in Science and Technology Education of the Asia and the Pacific Programme of Educational Innovation for Development (APEID) of UNESCO, PROAP, a Regional Experts' Workshop on Development of Strategies and Methods for Teaching Values in the context of Science and Technology was convened jointly by UNESCO-PROAP/Asian Centre of Educational Innovation for Development (ACEID), the Malaysian National Commission for UNESCO and the SEAMEO Regional Centre for Education in Science and Mathematics (RECSAM). The workshop was held from 18 - 29 November 1991 in Penang, Malaysia.

Objectives of the Workshop

The Regional Experts' Workshop with reference to science and technology education at the primary and secondary levels, developed exemplar training materials on the teaching of values. More specifically the workshop developed the framework on:

a) the objectives and content of values education;

b) the strategies that should be emphasized in the teaching-learning process;

c) the different ways of evaluating the learning outcomes; and

d) how to translate (a), (b), and (c) into materials for teacher training. Based on (a) to (d), the exemplar materials for teacher training were developed.


There were thirteen participants from Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Maldives, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and SEAMEO-RECSAM (2). Three resource persons from the Ministry of Human Resource Development, India; Curriculum Development Centre, Ministry of Education Malaysia; and SEAMEO-RECSAM, Malaysia, assisted in this workshop. There were six observers from India, Malaysia and SEAMEO-RECSAM. UNESCO-PROAP/ACEID was represented by its Specialist in Science and Technology Education (Annex 2).

Office Bearers of the Workshop

The following were elected as office-bearers of the workshop:

- Chairperson: Dr. S.T.V.G. Acharyulu (India)
- Vice-Chairperson: Mr. Ismail B. Othman (SEAMEO-RECSAM)
- Rapporteur-General: Dr. Twila G. Punsalan (Philippines)

Mrs. Lucille C. Gregorio (UNESCO-PROAP/ACEID) and Mrs. Perla S. Roxas (SEAMEO-RECSAM) acted as secretaries of the workshop. Substantive and technical support was provided by the members of the Directorate, professional and administrative staff of SEAMEO-RECSAM.

Workshop Activities

The deliberations took place in plenary and group sessions. The members of the Organizing and Steering Committee took time to meet at the end of each day to assess the progress of the activities and the plans for the next days' work. Measures were adopted to ensure that the plans were implemented efficiently.

During the development of materials, the participants, resource persons and observers worked as a team and with technical support from the RECSAM staff.

Some participants brought printed materials, video programmes, slide-tapes and sample lessons to illustrate the teaching of values in the context of science and technology. These were displayed for the members of the workshop to examine during their free time, and to use as resource materials in developing their exemplar materials.

The document, Values and Ethics and the Science and Technology Curriculum, UNESCOR APEID, a product of a Technical Working Group convened by UNESCO/ACEID, acted as a substantive guideline for the workshop activities.

Inauguration of the Workshop

The workshop was inaugurated by the Director of SEAMEO-RECSAM, Tuan Hj. Mohd. Khairuddin B. Hj. Mohd. Ashaari. He welcomed all those who came for the meeting and hoped that they will have a pleasant stay in RECSAM and in Penang. He pointed out the significance of the workshop and how science and technology education could play a major role in the development and promotion of proper values.

Mrs. Lucille C. Gregorio of UNESCO-PROAP/ACEID set the direction of the workshop by presenting the science and technology education programme of UNESCO, in line with the thrust following the Jomtien Conference: «Education For All»; and the UNESCO-PROAP/ACEID Programme in «Science and Technology Education For All», «Improvement of Quality of Science, Technology and Mathematics Education». She also presented information about the different workshops conducted worldwide on «Values and Ethics in Education» which acknowledged that values and attitudes are very important in education and for improving the quality of life. She then discussed what was expected from the workshop and presented numerous, crucial and diverse problems in the Asia and Pacific region related to poverty, explosion of population, unemployment, health hazards, destruction of the environment and others. She hoped that the strategies, ideas and exemplar materials developed will be of use in the training of teachers who ultimately will translate them effectively into teaching-learning experiences in the primary and secondary level classrooms.

Adoption of the Report and Closing of the Workshop

The workshop report was deliberated and adopted on the last day of the workshop with recommendations for follow up at local, national and regional level.