|Introduction to the Population Education Leaders Guides (FAO)|
This package of population education materials consists of ten (10) leaders guide booklets, each developing a basic concept or topic.
The ten guides are:
· Population and Agriculture
· Population, Employment and Income
· Population and the Environment
· Population and Nutrition
· Population and Health
· The Family and Family Size
· Responsible Parenthood
· Human Growth and Development
· How the Population Changes
· Community Involvement
The division of the materials into ten leaders guides is intended to make it easier to use them as part of the normal activities of the youth group. The guides are grouped into related concepts but there is no fixed order in which the guides must be used. The group leader is encouraged to vary the order of the activities within a given guide as well, to suit the character and needs of his/her particular group. It is recommended, however, that the guides 'How the Population Changes' and 'Community Involvement' be used last, as they provide a means of summarizing the entire process.
How are the guides structured?
Each guide begins with aims or objectives which outline the general knowledge that the youth group members are expected to gain by participating in the activities of the module.
The objectives are followed by a number of basic concepts that are covered in detail in the guide.
Each guide continues with a series of activities (usually three or four), to increase the group members' awareness of and interest in the particular concept and its relation to rapid population growth.
Each activity is divided into:
Step-by step instructions on how the activity could be conducted.
FOR WHAT? / WHY?
The purpose of the activity, i.e. the results or effects the activity is intended to have on the group members.
The materials, preparations and attitudes necessary to enable the participants to get the maximum benefit from the activity, both in terms of enjoyment and learning.
Most youth groups have very little access to money, so in most cases the activities have been designed so that all the materials needed can be obtained locally and inexpensively, or can be actually made by the group leader or the group as part of the activity. In a few cases, instructional materials are included with the leader's guides.
How does the leader get the activity started?
The guides contain suggestions for the leader in getting the activity started or to keep it moving in the desired direction. For example, if the activity is based on a group discussion, sample questions are provided to help the leader get started. If the preparation of a chart or table is part of the activity, the guide provides a suggested format.
Where does the leader get background information to build up confidence in the subject and to answer questions from members of the group?
Each activity is accompanied by background information on the basic concepts covered in the activities, to help the group leader in replying to questions and comments from group members. The background information is on pages which have a light grey tint like these two pages so you will be able to find them easily if you need to refer to them during the course of group activities.
This information is intended as background for the group leader and it is a good idea if you read it to yourself before you begin the activity with your group. However, it is not intended that the leader read this information aloud to the group members.
Other background information on a subject can also be obtained from community development advisors and extension workers in your area. In some cases it might be better to talk to one of these advisors before using a guide. For example, with the guide on Population, Employment and Income perhaps there is a small business advisor nearby who could help you. On the health and nutrition guides, a nurse or health worker would be able to give you more information. In several of the guides, it is suggested that the group leader arrange for the participation of an expert on the particular topic. For example, in the module on Population and Health an activity is suggested in which a worker from the Ministry of Health comes to speak to the group.