|Energy Options for Urban Household in India (Individual Contributor Chandrakant)|
Modern fuels have significantly replaced biofuels in urban areas. The consumption of electricity and LPG is rapidly increasing. Growing population in urban areas, escalating cost of petroleum based products, the limitations on distribution of commercial energy sources and lack of purchasing power among vast majority of people, make it unlikely that urban household situation will change substantially in near future.
Consumers are now entered into a new phase of fuel scarcity, where struggle is not for finding wood, but to obtain enough dung, straw and crop residues to cook their food. No single fuel can meet the growing demands of urban household energy. Urban consumers are using and will use in future too almost all kinds of energy sources ranging from traditional biofuel to modern LPG, electricity.
Urban poor are continuosly deterred by the high cost of modern fuels and equipment to use them. On the basis of household income, policy shall be formulated to determine improved access to kerosene and LPG fuel. Urban household energy problem is multi-dimensional which need to be tackled through integrated approach focussing augmentation of various energy supply sources, development of low cost energy options and efficient use of fuels.