Cover Image
close this bookMulti-Grade Teaching - A review of research and practice - Education research paper No. 12 (DFID, 1994, 63 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentOccasional papers on education
View the documentAcknowledgements
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 1 - Multi-grade teaching: Concept and status
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 2 - Lessons from developing countries
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 3 - Research evidence on the effects of multi-grade teaching
Open this folder and view contentsChapter 4 - Implications for the practice of multi-grade teaching and further research
View the documentBibliography
View the documentAnnotated bibliography


This research review was commissioned by the ODA. Its terms of reference were to review the international literature in the area of multi-grade teaching, giving special attention to material from developing countries; to provide an annotated bibliography; and to indicate areas for future research.

Several persons have assisted the research. John Lowe prepared the annotated bibliography and identified and summarised materials for use in the general review. Sheila Aikman prepared the section on the experience of multi-grade teaching in Peru's indigenous schools, reported in chapter 2. Vicky Brudal translated materials from Swedish. Diana Guthrie of the Institute of Education's library provided useful advice on tracking the widely dispersed literature on multi-grade teaching. I am grateful to all for their assistance, but bear the responsibility for the views expressed in the work alone.

Angela Little
Institute of Education
University of London