|Disaster Preparedness - 2nd Edition (DHA/UNDRO - DMTP - UNDP, 1994, 66 p.)|
|PART 1 - Planning for disaster preparedness|
Planning for disaster preparedness involves nine categories of planning activities.
1. Vulnerability assessment: a dynamic on-going process of people and organizations that
· assesses hazards and risks
· establishes a data base that focuses upon the likely effects of potential hazards
· anticipates relief needs and available resources.
2. Planning: a process
· for generating clear goals and objectives
· which identifies specific tasks and responsibilities for people and agencies in disaster emergencies
· and includes grassroots organizations, NGOs, local and national governments, donors and UN agencies which have a long-term commitment in vulnerable areas.
3. Institutional framework: the horizontal and vertical coordination of people and organizations which avoids the creation of new structures for disaster preparedness and instead works within established networks and systems.
· emphasizing the strengthening of existing communities and structures
· responsibilities which reflect established expertise
· and roles and responsibilities which are clearly defined and appropriate.
4. Information systems: coordinate means of gathering and disseminating vulnerability assessment and early warning within and between agencies and organizations and with the public.
5. Resource base: anticipated disaster relief and recovery needs should be made explicit and specific arrangements and written agreements should be established in order to assure the provision of goods and services as required, including:
· disaster relief funding
· disaster preparedness funding
· mechanisms for aid coordination
6. Warning systems: must be developed that will convey to the public effective warnings without assuming that normally functioning communication systems will be available. In addition, the international community should be forewarned about hazards that might lead to appeals for international assistance.
7. Response mechanisms: a vast number of disaster responses ought to be considered, incorporated into the disaster preparedness plan and communicated to the population that would coordinate and participate in those responses if a disaster occurred.
8. Public education and training: through a variety of public education programs those who may be threatened by a disaster ought to learn what to expect and what they will be asked to do in times of disasters. As education providers present warning systems and response mechanisms to the public they should plan to learn from local populations problems and gaps that may exist in the plan.
9. Rehearsals: provide opportunities to reemphasize training program instructions, identify gaps that may exist in the disaster response plan and inform on-going revisions of that plan.