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close this bookInitial Environmental Assessment: Urban Development - Series no 12 (NORAD, 1996)
close this folderPart I: Urban development. The urban environment, projects and environmental impacts.
close this folder3 Possible environmental impacts
View the document(introduction...)
View the document3.1 Air, water and soil
View the document3.2 Vegetation, fauna and ecosystems
View the document3.3 Management of natural resources
View the document3.4 Climate
View the document3.5 Landscape, architecture and cultural heritage
View the document3.6 Health
View the document3.7 Way of life

(introduction...)

This survey considers both direct and indirect environmental impacts. It can often be difficult to distinguish clearly between these two types of impacts. The causes of direct impacts can be linked directly to certain aspects of measures and activities. Indirect impacts can result from other types of activities associated with the project, or processes initiated by the project. An assessment of all possible environmental impacts stemming from urban development is impossible and pointless within the confines of this booklet. This survey also presents recommendations for mitigative measures.