Lomé II and III: funds allocated to training-related operations
The European Development Funds resources under the Lomonventions are allocated to national or regional programmes designed jointly by
the Commission of the European Communities and its ACP partners. Where the ACP
States so wish, some of the resources are spent on training in the individual
countries or in a regional context, for example in cooperation with
organisations such as the SADCC or specialised ACP or EEC training institutes.
For the purposes of regional cooperation, the ACP States are divided into eight
Regional breakdown of proportion of
national funds under LomI and LomII allocated to training (%)
Regional programmes (%)
Training schemes can be part of other EDF-financed development
projects, depending on sectoral priorities, or they can stand alone. Training
components are supported by an array of accompanying measures ranging from
construction work to technical assistance.
National Indicative Programmes
In none of the eight regions was more than 20 % of national
programme resources allocated to training under LomI and LomII. East, West
and Southern Africa and the Sahel accounted for 87 % of Africas share of
training funds. Africas share of total training funds rose to 94%.
Though more resources were available under LomII, fewer funds
were allocated to training.
Under LomI, 11% of funds went to training. This figure fell
to just over 8% under LomII.
Central, Southern and West Africa and the Caribbean accounted
for 90% of regional training funds.
There was no training component in the Pacific region.
Under LomI, all regions channelled at least 40% of their
national training funds through comprehensive training programmes.
There was a trend under LomII to increase the amounts
allocated to training components within other projects (up from 7 % to 3 1%).
Reflecting the policy shift, more funds were directed towards agricultural
projects, with a corresponding decrease in industrial investment. However,
services still accounted for one fifth of the funds allocated to training.
Cultural projects came on the scene for the first time.
Purely agricultural training projects accounted for 5 % of total
national training funds under LomI, with approximately one third of the
projects in East Africa, but the percentage doubled when agriculture-related
projects were included, rising to 33 % under LomII.
At least 30% of LomI training funds in East and Southern
Africa went on industrial training and 17 of the 19 projects were in these two
The same applied under LomII.
Training operations accounting for approximately one third of
national training funds appeared under this mixed heading, showing
a quantity of projects associated with various sectors.
Technical assistance, scholarship
and infrastructure content of training operations (%)
Regional funds (%)
Level of training
The tendency, especially in the Caribbean, Indian Ocean and
Pacific regions, has been to concentrate on university or vocational training.
However, operations at primary and secondary levels did increase under LomII
(17 out of 131). This applied to regional programmes as well. Higher-level
training often included a technical component.
It is often difficult to identify the individual components of
training operations but the table below gives an idea of the breakdown.
When we consider that funds for national indicative programmes
increased under LomII as compared to LomI, it is disappointing to note
that expenditure on training in fact decreased, relatively speaking.
Generally, resources have been directed where the need is
greatest and the trend has been towards integrating training into projects ab