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close this bookWhere Women Have No Doctor - A Health Guide for Women (Hesperian Foundation, 1997, 600 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentWomen’s health is in your hands
View the documentThanks
View the documentAbout this Book
View the documentHow to Use this Book
close this folderChapter 1: Women’s Health Is a Community Issue
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View the documentWhat Is ‘Women’s Health’?
View the documentWomen Are More at Risk for Disease and Poor Health
View the documentCauses of Poor Health in Women
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close this folderChapter 2: Solving Health Problems
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close this folderJuanita’s Story
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View the documentWhat is the problem?
View the documentSome illnesses are hard to tell apart
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close this folderWhat Is the Best Treatment?
View the documentIs a treatment helpful or harmful?
View the documentRisks and benefits
close this folderWorking for Change
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentLooking for the root causes of health problems
View the documentOrganizing to solve community health problems
close this folderTo the Health Worker
View the documentHelping women help themselves
close this folderChapter 3: The Medical System
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close this folderThe Medical System
View the documentCommunity health workers
View the documentHealth posts
View the documentHealth centers
View the documentHospitals
close this folderHow to Get Better Care
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View the documentKnow what to expect
View the documentBring a friend or family member
View the documentIf You Need to Go to the Hospital
View the documentWorking for Change
close this folderChapter 4: Understanding Our Bodies
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close this folderA Woman’s Reproductive System
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View the documentThe reproductive parts on the outside
View the documentThe breasts
View the documentThe reproductive parts on the inside
close this folderA Man’s Reproductive System
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View the documentHaving a baby - Will it be a boy or a girl?
close this folderHow a Woman’s Body Changes
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View the documentHormones
close this folderMonthly Bleeding
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View the documentThe monthly cycle (menstrual cycle)
View the documentProblems with monthly bleeding
close this folderChapter 5: Health Concerns of Girls
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close this folderChanges in Your Body (Puberty)
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View the documentMonthly bleeding (period, menstruation)
View the documentChanges that Can Lead to a Better Life
close this folderDeciding about Boyfriends and Sex
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View the documentProtecting yourself if you are ready for sex
close this folderPressured or Forced Sex
View the documentPressure to have sex with a boyfriend (‘Date rape’)
View the documentIf someone in your family tries to have sex with you (Incest)
View the documentYoung girls and older men
View the documentTrading girls for money or other needs
View the documentIf you get pregnant and did not plan to
View the documentGetting Help From Adults
close this folderChapter 6: Pregnancy and Childbirth
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View the documentStaying Healthy during Pregnancy
View the documentCommon Problems during Pregnancy
View the documentRisks and Danger Signs during Pregnancy
View the documentPrenatal Care (Check-ups during Pregnancy)
View the documentPreparing for Labor and Birth
close this folderGiving Birth
View the documentSigns that labor is near
View the documentThe 3 stages of labor
View the documentDanger signs during labor
View the documentDifficult Births
View the documentDanger Signs for the Baby at Birth
View the documentCaring for the Mother and Baby after Birth
View the documentWomen with Special Needs
View the documentTo the Father
View the documentWorking for Change
close this folderChapter 7: Breastfeeding
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View the documentWhy Breast Is Best
View the documentWhy Other Feeding Can Be Harmful
close this folderHow to Breastfeed
View the documentFor the new baby
View the documentFor any baby
View the documentAdvice for the Mother
View the documentWhen the Mother Works Outside the Home
View the documentRemoving Milk by Hand
close this folderCommon Concerns and Problems
View the documentFear there is not enough milk, or that milk is not good enough
View the documentNipple concerns and problems
View the documentPain and swelling in the breasts
close this folderSpecial Situations
View the documentBabies with special needs can breastfeed
View the documentWhen the mother is sick
View the documentHIV/AIDS and breastfeeding
View the documentWhen a woman becomes pregnant or gives birth to another child
View the documentWorking for Change
close this folderChapter 8: Growing Older
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View the documentThe End of Monthly Bleeding (Menopause)
View the documentTaking Care of Your Health
View the documentSexual Relations
close this folderCommon Health Problems with Aging
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View the documentWeak blood (anemia)
View the documentHeavy monthly bleeding or bleeding in the middle of the month
View the documentBreast lumps
View the documentHigh blood pressure
View the documentProblems passing urine and stool
View the documentFallen womb (prolapsed uterus)
View the documentSwollen veins in the legs (varicose veins)
View the documentBack pain
View the documentJoint pain (arthritis)
View the documentWeak bones (osteoporosis)
View the documentProblems with seeing and hearing
View the documentAnxiety and depression
View the documentMental confusion (dementia)
View the documentWorking for Change
close this folderChapter 9: Women with Disabilities
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View the documentSelf-esteem
close this folderTaking Care of Your Health
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View the documentKnowing when you are sick
View the documentSkin care
View the documentExercise
close this folderSexuality and Sexual Health
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View the documentFamily planning
View the documentPregnancy and disability
View the documentPersonal Safety
View the documentWorking for Change
close this folderChapter 10: Staying Healthy
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close this folderCleanliness
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View the documentCleanliness in the community (sanitation)
View the documentCleanliness in the home
View the documentPersonal cleanliness
View the documentClean water
View the documentFood safety
close this folderSpecial Needs of Women
View the documentRest and exercise
View the documentRegular health exams
View the documentSafer sex
View the documentFamily planning
View the documentGood care during pregnancy and birth
View the documentVaccinations against tetanus
View the documentRegular breast exams
close this folderWorking for Change
View the documentWorking toward a balance between treatment and prevention
close this folderChapter 11: Eating for Good Health
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close this folderMain Foods and Helper Foods
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View the documentImportant vitamins and minerals
View the documentEating Better for Less Money
View the documentHarmful Ideas About Eating
close this folderPoor Nutrition Can Cause Disease
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View the documentAnemia
View the documentBeriberi
View the documentProblems from eating too much food or the wrong kind of food
close this folderWays to Work toward Better Nutrition
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View the documentTrying a new idea
View the documentWorking toward a balance between people and land
close this folderChapter 12: Sexual Health
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close this folderSex and Gender Roles
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View the documentHow gender roles are learned
View the documentWhen gender roles cause harm
close this folderHow Gender Roles Affect Sexual Health
View the documentHarmful beliefs about women’s sexuality
close this folderGaining More Control over Your Sexual Health
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentSafer sex for sexual health
View the documentMaking changes for safer sex
View the documentFeeling more pleasure from sex
close this folderWorking for Change
View the documentChanging harmful gender roles
View the documentImproving sexual health in your community
close this folderChapter 13: Family Planning
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View the documentBenefits of Family Planning
View the documentIs Family Planning Safe?
View the documentChoosing to Use Family Planning
close this folderChoosing a Family Planning Method
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View the documentHow well each method works
close this folderBarrier Methods of Family Planning
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentThe condom
View the documentCondoms for women (female condoms)
View the documentThe diaphragm
View the documentSpermicide (contraceptive foam, tablets, jelly, or cream)
close this folderHormonal Methods of Family Planning hormones
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentThe pill
View the documentImplants
View the documentBirth control injections
close this folderIntra-Uterine Devices (Devices that go into the womb)
View the documentTHE IUD (IUCD, Copper-T, The Loop)
close this folderNatural Methods of Family Planning
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View the documentBreastfeeding for the first 6 months (Lactational Amenorrhea Method, LAM)
View the documentThe mucus method and the rhythm method
View the documentTraditional and Home Methods to Prevent Pregnancy
View the documentPermanent Methods of Family Planning
View the documentEmergency Methods of Family Planning
View the documentChoosing the Best Method
View the documentWorking for Change
close this folderChapter 14: Infertility (When You Are Not Able to Have a Baby)
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View the documentWhat Is Infertility?
close this folderWhat Causes Infertility?
View the documentInfertility in a man
View the documentInfertility in a woman
View the documentDangers at Work or Home That Can Hurt Fertility
View the documentWhat to Do for Infertility
View the documentLosing a Pregnancy (Miscarriage)
View the documentLiving with Infertility
View the documentWorking for Change
close this folderChapter 15: Abortion and Complications from Abortion
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View the documentWhy Do Some Women Have Abortions?
View the documentSafe and Unsafe Abortion
View the documentDeciding about an Abortion
close this folderSafe Methods of Abortion
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View the documentHow to tell if an abortion will be safe
View the documentWhat to Expect during a Safe Abortion
View the documentWhat to Expect after an Abortion
View the documentFamily Planning after an Abortion
close this folderComplications of Abortion
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHeavy bleeding from the vagina
View the documentEmergency help for too much bleeding
View the documentShock
View the documentInfection
View the documentFainting or loss of consciousness
View the documentInjury inside the body (Internal Injury)
View the documentPreventing Unsafe Abortion
close this folderChapter 16: Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Other Infections of the Genitals
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close this folderWhy STDs Are a Serious Problem for Women
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View the documentHow to know if you are at risk for an STD
View the documentWhat to do if you have an STD
View the documentAbnormal Discharge
View the documentGrowths (Warts) on the Genitals
View the documentSores on the Genitals (Genital Ulcers)
View the documentOther STDs
close this folderComplications of STDs
View the documentPelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
View the documentHow to Feel Better
View the documentOther Medicines to Treat STDs
View the documentWorking for Change
close this folderChapter 17: AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
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close this folderWhat Are HIV and AIDS?
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View the documentHow HIV/AIDS is spread and is not spread
View the documentWhy HIV and AIDS Are Different for Women
View the documentPreventing HIV/AIDS
View the documentThe HIV Test
View the documentLiving Positively with HIV and AIDS
View the documentPregnancy, Childbirth, and Breastfeeding
close this folderCare for Persons with AIDS
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View the documentPreventing HIV infection at home
View the documentStaying Healthy for as Long as Possible
close this folderCommon Medical Problems
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentFever
View the documentDiarrhea
View the documentSkin rashes and itching
View the documentNausea and vomiting
View the documentCough
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View the documentWounds and sores
View the documentMental confusion (Dementia)
View the documentPain
View the documentCaring for Someone Who Is Near Death
close this folderWorking for Change
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHow you can help prevent AIDS
close this folderChapter 18: Violence Against Women
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentUntitled
View the documentWhy Does a Man Hurt a Woman?
View the documentKinds of Violence
View the documentWarning Signs
View the documentThe Cycle of Violence
View the documentHarmful Effects of Violence
View the documentWhy Women Stay with Men Who Hurt Them
close this folderWhat to Do
View the documentMake a safety plan
View the documentIf you leave
close this folderWorking for Change
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentTalk about it
View the documentSet up services to help women who leave
View the documentUse social pressure
View the documentTo the Health Worker
close this folderChapter 19: Rape and Sexual Assault
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close this folderKinds of Rape and Sexual Assault
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View the documentRape by someone the woman knows
View the documentRape by a stranger
close this folderHow to Avoid Rape
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View the documentThese ideas may help any woman avoid rape
View the documentAvoiding rape by someone you know
View the documentHelp children avoid sexual abuse
View the documentSelf Defense for Women
View the documentIf You Are Sexually Assaulted
close this folderWhat to Do if You Have Been Raped
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIf you go to the police
close this folderHealth Problems of Rape
View the documentPregnancy
View the documentSexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
View the documentTears and cuts
View the documentSexual relations after rape
View the documentOvercoming feelings about the rape
View the documentWorking for Change
close this folderChapter 20: Sex Workers
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close this folderWhy Women Become Sex Workers
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View the documentStory of a poor woman
close this folderHealth Problems of Sex Workers
View the documentSTDs, INCLUDING HIV/AIDS
View the documentPregnancy
View the documentViolence
close this folderHow to Protect Yourself from STDs, Including HIV/AIDS
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentTreatment for STDs when protection fails
close this folderWorking for Change
View the documentNegotiating condom use
View the documentStrength through organizing
close this folderChapter 21: Pain in the Lower Abdomen
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View the documentSudden, Severe Pain in the Abdomen
close this folderKinds of Pain in the Lower Abdomen
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentDuring monthly bleeding
View the documentAfter childbirth, abortion or miscarriage
View the documentWith fever
View the documentWith diarrhea
View the documentDuring pregnancy
View the documentWith urination
View the documentWith discharge or light bleeding from the vagina
View the documentDuring sex
View the documentWhen moving, walking or lifting
View the documentIn the middle of the monthly cycle
View the documentWithin 3 weeks of getting an IUD
View the documentWithout other signs
View the documentQuestions about Pain in the Abdomen
close this folderChapter 22: Abnormal Bleeding from the Vagina
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderProblems with Monthly Bleeding
View the documentHeavy monthly bleeding, or bleeding that lasts a long time
View the documentLight monthly bleeding
View the documentMonthly bleeding that comes too often, or bleeding at other times
View the documentWhen monthly bleedings come too far apart, or have stopped
close this folderOther Kinds of Bleeding Problems
View the documentBleeding during pregnancy or after childbirth
View the documentBleeding after an abortion or miscarriage
View the documentBleeding after sex
View the documentBleeding after menopause
close this folderChapter 23: Problems of the Urine System
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close this folderInfections of the Urine System
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View the documentWhat causes bladder and kidney infections?
View the documentSigns and treatment
close this folderOther Problems of the Urine System
View the documentBlood in the urine
View the documentKidney or bladder stones
View the documentNeed to pass urine often
View the documentLeaking urine
View the documentWhen You Have Problems Passing Stool or Urine
close this folderChapter 24: Cancer and Growths
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderCancer
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View the documentCauses of cancer
View the documentFinding and treating cancer early
close this folderProblems of the Cervix (the Opening of the Womb)
View the documentCommon problems of the cervix
View the documentCancer of the cervix
close this folderProblems of the Womb
View the documentCommon growths of the womb
View the documentCancer of the womb (cancer of the uterus, endometrial cancer)
close this folderProblems of the Breasts
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCancer of the breast
close this folderProblems of the Ovaries
View the documentCysts on the ovaries
View the documentCancer of the ovaries
close this folderOther Common Cancers
View the documentLung cancer
View the documentMouth and throat cancer
View the documentCancer of the liver
View the documentCancer of the stomach
View the documentWhen Cancer Cannot Be Cured
View the documentWorking for Change
close this folderChapter 25: Tuberculosis
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View the documentWhat Is TB?
View the documentHow TB Is Spread
View the documentHow to Know if a Person Has TB
close this folderHow to Treat TB
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View the documentResistance to TB medicines
View the documentPreventing TB
View the documentWorking for Change
close this folderChapter 26: Work
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View the documentCooking Fires and Smoke
View the documentLifting and Carrying Heavy Loads
View the documentWork with Water
View the documentWork with Chemicals
View the documentSitting or Standing for a Long Time
View the documentRepeating the Same Movement Over and Over
View the documentCrafts
View the documentUnsafe Working Conditions
View the documentSexual Harassment
View the documentMigration
View the documentForgotten Workers
View the documentWorking for Change
close this folderChapter 27: Mental Health
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View the documentSelf-esteem
close this folderCommon causes of mental health problems in women
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentStress in daily life
View the documentLoss and death
View the documentChanges in a woman's life and community
View the documentTrauma
View the documentPhysical problems
close this folderCommon mental health problems for women
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentDepression (extreme sadness or feeling nothing at all)
View the documentAnxiety (feeling nervous or worried)
View the documentReactions to trauma
View the documentPhysical changes and disease caused by stress
close this folderHelping yourself and helping others
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPersonal coping skills
View the documentHelping relationships
View the documentExercises for learning how to help
View the documentExercises for healing mental health problems
View the documentHelping women with reactions to trauma
View the documentHelping someone who wants to kill herself
View the documentMental illness (psychosis)
View the documentWays to improve your community's mental health
close this folderChapter 28: Alcohol and Other Drugs
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderUse and misuse of alcohol and drugs
View the documentWhy do people begin to use alcohol or drugs?
View the documentWhen does use become misuse?
View the documentWhy people misuse drugs and alcohol
close this folderProblems from alcohol and other drugs
View the documentCommon health problems
View the documentDrugs and alcohol can be worse for women
close this folderOvercoming problems with alcohol and drugs
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentQuitting
View the documentLearning to stay free of drugs and alcohol
close this folderProblems from tobacco
View the documentHealth problems from smoking
View the documentSmoking is worse for women
View the documentLiving with someone who has a drinking or drug problem
View the documentPreventing drug and alcohol misuse
close this folderChapter 29: Refugees and Displaced Women
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentFlight and arrival
close this folderBasic needs
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentFood
View the documentWater and fuel
View the documentProtection from sexual violence
View the documentReproductive health
close this folderMental health
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCauses of mental health problems
View the documentSigns of mental health problems
View the documentWorking for better mental health
close this folderWomen as Leaders
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentWays to earn a living
close this folderChapter 30: Female Circumcision
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentTypes of female circumcision
View the documentHealth problems caused by female circumcision
close this folderWhat to do for health problems
View the documentHeavy bleeding and shock
View the documentInfection
View the documentUrine problems
View the documentProblems with monthly bleeding
View the documentProblems with sexual relations and sexual health
View the documentProblems with childbirth
View the documentLeaking urine and stool
View the documentInfertility
View the documentMental health problems
close this folderWorking for change
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentFemale circumcision, human rights, and the law
close this folderChapter 31: Use of Medicines in Women’s Health
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close this folderDeciding to use medicine
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHarmful uses of medicines
View the documentHow to use medicine safely
close this folderUsing the medicines in this book
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentGeneric names and brand names
View the documentMedicine comes in different forms
View the documentHow much medicine to take
View the documentWhen to take medicines
View the documentWho should not take a certain medicine
View the documentSide effects
View the documentPrecautions (warnings)
View the documentInformation you should know
View the documentTaking too much medicine
close this folderKinds of medicines
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAntibiotics
View the documentMedicines for pain
View the documentMedicines for heavy bleeding from the vagina after birth or abortion
View the documentMedicines for allergic reactions
View the documentMedicines that can save a woman’s life
View the documentTable of Medicines: Green Pages
close this folderHealth Care Skills
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderPreventing infection
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View the documentWashing your hands
View the documentHow to disinfect equipment and tools
close this folderHow to take temperature, pulse, respiration, and blood pressure
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentTemperature
View the documentPulse (heartbeat)
View the documentRespiration (breathing rate)
View the documentBlood pressure
View the documentHow to examine the abdomen
View the documentHow to examine a woman’s genitals (the pelvic exam)
View the documentCaring for burns
close this folderHow to give fluids to treat shock
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View the documentHow to make rehydration drink
View the documentHow to give rectal fluids
close this folderHow to give an injection
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View the documentWhere to give an injection
View the documentHow to prepare a syringe for injection
View the documentHow to inject into the muscle (intramuscular, or im)
View the documentHow to give an injection under the skin (subcutaneous injection)
View the documentBe prepared to treat allergic reaction and allergic shock
View the documentAcupressure Massage
View the documentVocabulary: List of difficult words
View the documentWhere to get more information
View the documentBack cover

(introduction...)

There are many different ways to approach the problem of poor nutrition, because many different things help cause the problem. You and your community must consider the possible actions you might take and decide which are most likely to work.

Here are a few examples of ways to improve nutrition. These suggestions can help you grow more food or different kinds of food, or store it better so the food does not spoil. Some of these examples bring quick results. Others work over a longer time.

Some ways people can improve their nutrition


Family gardens


Community gardens

Rotation of crops

Every other planting season, plant a crop that returns strength to the soil - like beans, peas, lentils, alfalfa, peanuts, or some other plant with seeds in pods (legumes or pulses).


Figure

Try to grow a variety of foods. That way, even if one crop fails there will still be something to eat.


Irrigation


Contour ditches prevent the soil from washing away.


Food cooperatives

The community can buy large amounts of food at lower prices.


Fish breeding


Natural fertilizers


Better food storage