Cover Image
close this bookDrought and Famine - 1st edition (DHA/UNDRO - UNDP, 1992, 52 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentIntroduction
close this folderPART 1: Drought
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentDefinitions
View the documentCauses of reduced rainfall
View the documentTypes of drought
View the documentFactors affecting the severity of drought
View the documentThe impact of droughts
View the documentReducing the impact of drought
close this folderPART 2: Famine
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIncidence of famine
View the documentDefinitions
View the documentCauses of famine
View the documentVulnerability and coping strategies
View the documentFamine early warning systems
View the documentMeasures to maintain food security
View the documentSelecting particular interventions
View the documentFood aid
close this folderPART 3: Institutional issues
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentNational government roles
View the documentUnited Nations roles
View the documentDonor and NGO roles
View the documentRehabilitation
View the documentReferences



After reading and completing the exercises in this part of the module, you will be able to:

· differentiate the drought and famine roles of various UN agencies, national governments, NGOs and donors

· understand potential new roles for the UN in famines which involve civil conflict and intense political consideration

· specify how and when rehabilitation programs should be established


Famines are, in theory, preventable but they require significant organizational resources. A large number of international, national, and local organizations exist and are necessary to combat famines and alleviate suffering. The system by which the international community and national governments respond to developing famines is extremely complex and not well formalized. The following section describes the roles of national governments, the UN system, and NGOs in providing relief and rehabilitation.