Cover Image
close this bookInitial Environmental Assessment: Aquaculture - Series no 5 (NORAD, 1992)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentIntroduction
close this folderPart I: General account
View the document1 Characteristics of aquaculture projects
View the document2 The environment affected by the project
close this folder3 Possible environ mental impacts
View the document(introduction...)
View the document3.1 Introduction of new species
View the document3.2 Impacts on the ecosystem, and the natural and cultural landscape
View the document3.3 Pollution and waste disposal
View the document3.4 Spreading of diseases to humans
View the document3.5 Increased demand for water and energy
View the document3.6 Impacts on traditional ways of life and utilization of natural resources
View the document3.7 Impacts of new activities, and already existing activities
View the document4 Relevant literature
close this folderPart II: Documentation requirements for initial assessment of aquaculture projects
View the document1 Project description
View the document2 Description of the environment
View the document3 Checklist
View the documentWill the project


The natural resource base in our world today is exposed to constantly increasing pressures. Environmental problems are on the increase in developing countries as well as in developed countries. In developing countries, ecological stress strikes large and vulnerable population groups, and hinders social and economic development in many areas.

In 1987 the World Commission on Environment and Development, in their report «Our Common Future», described the problems we are facing and the measures which must be taken to solve them.

Environmental problems in developing countries make demands on Norwegian development aid. Three Norwegian White Papers (Nos. 36 (1984-85) and 34 (1986-87)) on major questions concerning Norwegian aid to developing countries, and No. 46 (1988-89) on Norway's follow-up of the recommendations of the World Commission, have stressed the importance of taking environmental issues into account in Norwegian-assisted development aid projects. In 1990 this was further articulated in the NORAD strategy paper «NORAD in the nineties».

This booklet has been compiled to help NORAD desk officers and planners to integrate environmental considerations into fisheries projects at an early stage in the planning process. It is one of a series of booklets presenting guidelines for environmental impact assessment (EIA) of various types of development projects. Experience and ideas from corresponding material compiled by other countries (OECD, USAID) have been integrated in this EIA-system.