1 Project description
As a basis for initial environmental assessment, a description
of the project or activities must be available. In most cases it will be
relevant to present several alternative technical solutions and localities.
Activities in both the constructional phase and the operational phase of the
project must be included.
This description will to a certain extent be based on the
regular technical and economic description of the project, possibly after
consultations with project planners or other relevant institutions in the
country in question. The following questions aim to elicit information that is
relevant with regard to environmental impacts. Relatively detailed information
may be required with regard to use of inputs, localisation etc. The information
resulting from the initial assessment can be included in the regular project
document being presented for approval. In the case of more comprehensive
projects, the information may be collected in an appendix to this document.
The following specifies essential background information for an
a. The need for the project. Give a brief description of how the
need for the project has arisen. What are the purposes of the project? Who will
benefit from it? Will the project cover local or regional needs? Which other
activities are expected as a consequence of the project?
b. Alternatives considered. Give a brief presentation of the
most important technological and localisation alternatives which have been
considered in connection with the project. If possible, give a brief account of
any differences in technology requirements, infrastructure requirements etc..
The 0-alternative, that is the impacts of not implementing the project, may also
be relevant to consider.
c. Description of the project and potential main alternatives.
Give a relatively comprehensive description of the alternative(s) that are
viewed as relevant. The description should include map references of areas
directly affected. What types of pesticides are intended utilised? Have
alternative methods of plant protection (biological, mechanical) been
considered? Any labour requirements, and the impacts on existing or planned
activities in the area should be documented.
d. Conditions for project implementation. Give an account of the
public and private physical initiatives (infrastructure etc.) and any other
external prerequisites for the implementation of the project, e.g. participation
of the local population, training opportunities, maintenance routines, and local
institutional and administrative conditions, including their environmental
competence. In addition local, national and international environmental
regulations should be known and complied with by all parties