Cover Image
close this bookInitial Environmental Assessment: Plant Protection - Series no 13 (NORAD, 1995)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentIntroduction
close this folderPart I: General account
close this folder1 Characteristics of plant protection projects
View the document1.1 Introduction
View the document1.2 Weeds and pests and their properties
View the document1.3 Project categories
View the document1.4 Chemical pesticides and their properties
View the document1.5 Activities connected to the use of chemical pesticides
View the document1.6 Non-chemical plant protection methods
close this folder2 The environment affected by the project
View the document2.1 Natural environmental conditions
View the document2.2 Man-made environmental conditions
close this folder3 Possible environ mental impacts
View the document(introduction...)
View the document3.1 Unintended spreading by air
View the document3.2 Unintended spreading on or through the soil
View the document3.3 Pollution of water
View the document3.4 Impacts of slow degradation in the soil
View the document3.5 Impacts on flora, fauna and vulnerable ecosystems
View the document3.6 Health problems
View the document3.7 Impacts on local communities, traditional ways of life and utilisation of natural resources
View the document4 Relevant literature
close this folderPart II: Documentation requirements for initial environmental assessment
View the document1 Project description
View the document2 Description of the environment
View the document3 Checklist
View the documentWill the project

2 Description of the environment

Give a brief description of the natural and man-made environment in which the project is to be located. The information should normally be included in the project documents, but may also have to be supplemented through collection of information and consultations with relevant institutions, professional units, local populations, or surveys in the project area. Where appropriate, the information should also be presented in thematical maps and illustrations. Sources as well as the reliability of the presented information should be indicated briefly. The description should contain an account of:

Natural environmental conditions:

· Geology and soil conditions.

· Hydrological and hydro-geological conditions.

· Topography.

· Climate.

· Vegetation and fauna, with emphasis on:

- especially vulnerable ecosystems, and

- vulnerable and conservation-worthy animal and plant species.

· Unique and conservation-worthy natural

Man-made environmental conditions:

· Socio-economic and socio-cultural conditions.

· Demographic conditions,

- size of affected population groups, and - any ethnic belonging and variations.

· Current health situation,

- with special emphasis on environmentally related diseases.

· Settlement pattern and means of production,

- specified for ethnic group, class or caste, and

- division of labour organised on the basis of gender and age within the population groups in question.
· Existing land use and utilisation of natural resources,

- also including more extensive utilisation of nature areas.

· Unique and conservation-worthy cultural
landscapes or objects and buildings of historical, archaeological, architectonic, cultural, aesthetic or scientific value.

· Existing environmental problems and environmental stress,

- e.g. soil erosion, pollution of air, water and soil.

· Other existing or planned activities that
may hold future consequences for projects within plant protection.