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close this bookRelated Agroforestry Livelihood (IIRR, 1992, 30 p.)
close this folderBio-intensive gardening with agroforestry
View the documentProcedure
View the documentSucceeding planting seasons


First planting season

Bio-intensive gardening

1. Select a relatively flat and sunny area of the farm. 2. Sow tree seeds in double rows to provide the required quantity of green-leaf fertilizers.

3. Dig the plots at least 12 inches deep and shape them into raised beds.

4. Apply the necessary soil supplements: 1-2 Ibs wood ash, 1-2 Ibs eggshells and 1-2 Ibs crushed bones (where there are available). The rates mentioned are for a 100 sq ft bed area.

5. Shape the bed and plant.

Succeeding planting seasons

1. When the trees are about 12 months old, trim the hedgerows. Subsequent trimming is done whenever leaves are needed or the trees begin to shade the garden plots. Flemingia congesta and Desmodium rensonil are excellent hedgerows for gardens since they can be cut low (0.25 meters).

2. Place cut branches (with leaves) over the vegetable beds. Leave them in place for 2 days. This will allow the leaves to wilt and hasten defoliation. Shake branches or use hand to remove remaining leaves. There should be at least 2 inches of leaves covering the entire bed.

3. Incorporate leaves into the soil to a depth of 6 inches. Allow them to decompose for 10-14 days before planting.

Note: In sloping areas, the beds and hedgerows must be aligned along the contour.