|Sustainable Energy News - No. 26 - August 1999 (INFORSE, 1999, 18 p.)|
This year, the Annual Meeting of INFORSE-Europe will be conducted as an email meeting during the month of November. All INFORSE-Europe members will receive a draft Agenda and call for proposals for the meeting by the end of August. If you have not received anything by September 1, please send a notice to Gunnar Boye Olesen at e-mail: email@example.com.
The goal of 10% wind energy in the global electricity mix will now be supplemented with regional goals and action proposals. With support from Forum for Energy and Development, the INFORSE regions in Europe and Latin America will regionalise the global goal, propose actions to realise the goals in the regions, and make an overview of effects for environment, economy, and employment. This will result in regional reports and statements that NGOs in the regions will be invited to support. The results will be presented in October in Buenos Aires, Brussels, Murmansk, Moscow, and Kiev. In Western Europe, the main aim of the work will be to make a proposal for how the goal can be realised in the EU internal market for electricity. In Eastern Europe, the focus will be on how to realise the goal in Russia and Ukraine, which both have very large potentials for wind energy. In Latin America, the work will cover the Cono Sur region with its large wind-power potential and its emerging internal electricity market within the framework of the Mercosur free trade agreement.
The regional campaigns will be developed by INFORSE-Europe with OVE, Danish Organisation for Renewable Energy; Gaia Apatity Center, Kola, Russia; and Future Age Energy, Ukraine; and INFORSE Latin America with REJIMA, Argentina.
Information: INFORSE-Europe and INFORSE - Latin America
Pan-European Energy Efficiency to National Actions
Within the European ECO-Forums Energy and Climate Group, INFORSE-Europe will follow the process of transforming the unanimous decisions of the European countries at hus98 and other meetings into action. The decisions, e.g. to phase out environmentally harmful energy subsidies by 2005, shall be accompanied by a framework for how to do it, and how to evaluate it country by country. This will be discussed on September 20-24, when the Environment Committee of the UN Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) meets to discuss follow-up from hus98 as well as topics for the next environment ministers meeting in Kiev in 2002. It will further be discussed at the UNECE Sustainable Energy Committee meeting in November and at the coming meeting of the new Energy Charter Working Group for the Energy Efficiency Protocol. INFORSE-Europe and the ECO-Forum intend to participate in these meetings with observers, and speak out for tangible actions, nationally and internationally. We invite all interested NGOs to join the email list of the ECO-Forum energy and climate group, to be informed of these processes and maybe participate.
Info and sign-up to the e-mail
This July the European Renewable Energies Federation was formally created. It is a federation for associations in EU countries of energy producers based on renewable sources, such as: small hydro, wind, tidal, wave, biomass, solar, biogas, and geothermal sources. The Federation will support the establishment of realistic and fair pricing schemes for renewable energy on the basis of the internal EU market for energy. It will promote minimum- price schemes, because these have been most successful in supporting renewable energy for electricity.
The members of the Federation currently represent grid-connected renewable electricity producers with a combined capacity of more than 2,500 MW.
APPA (Asociacion de Pequenos
Productores y Autogeneradores de
Electricidad con Fuentes de Energia
Renovables), att. Manual de Delas,
Paris 205, 41' 08008 Barcelona, Spain.
Bund fdenergie - Brussels Office,
att. D Fouquet, Avenue de la
Fauconnerie 73, 1170 Brussels, Belgium.
Ph:+32 2 6724367,
fax:+32 2 6727016,
The decision about a loan from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) to the two proposed nuclear power plants in Ukraine, Khmelnitsky 2 and Rivne 4 (K2R4) is postponed from July until September. This delay is partly due to the decision of the German Parliament against the loan (decision of June this year). The delay will not necessarily lead to giving up the loan, as strong forces in the G7-countries and Ukraine are pushing for it. Lately, the Siemens company has been very active in lobbying for the loan that would give additional income to their nuclear division.
The delay gives a bit time for NGO-activities to stop the loan and lead the way for more sustainable investments.
A Seed EBRD Campaign, http://antenna.nl/aseed/ebrd
K2R4 Campaign, http://www.ecn.cz/k2r4
The German Environment Minister, Trittin, has proposed a plan to double the German supply of renewable energy by 2010, with a future aim of covering 50% of Germanys energy consumption with renewables by 2050.
To achieve this, he proposes:
· improvements of the German feed-in law for electricity from renewables to the electric grid,
· an eco-tax reform,
· more supportive regulation for cogeneration of heat and electricity, and
· support for creation of markets for currently less competitive renewable-energy technologies (biogas, other biomass, geothermal, small hydro).
Information: http://www.bmu.de , press release
Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit,
Referat fentlichkeitsarbeit, Postfach
12 06 29, 53048 Bonn, Germany.
While the Swedish CO2 emissions are expected to increase, the Swedish town V0,000 inhabitants) plans to reduce its emissions. The town council has unanimously decided to stop the use of fossil fuels, with an important milestone of 50% reduction in 2003 from 1993 levels. So far, the measures to achieve this aim include a cogeneration power plant fuelled with biomass, conversion of electric heating to biomass district heating, improvement in energy efficiency in companies, and free energy advice. With these activities, Vs managed to reduce overall CO 2 emissions by 20% from 1993 to 1998, even though emissions from traffic continue to increase.
The new Sandvik biomass power plant in V>
Vmmun, att. Sarah Nilsson, Box
1222, 35112 Veden. Ph: +46-
470-41593, fax: +46-470-41580,
Climate Alliance/ Climail Europe,
Every year since 1989, environmental groups in Russia have organised antinuclear camps at the sites of some nuclear power plants. This year, one of the camps will be an international action camp near the Novovoronezh nuclear power plant in Russia. It will be established on August 17, 1999. Participation and support are welcomed from everybody who supports the camps principles of non-violence and no drugs/alcohol.
- Antinuclear campaign of the Socio-Ecological
Union. Ph: +7-95-2784642,+7-95-7766546,
- Ecodefense, ph/fax:+7-112-437286,
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.ecoline.ru/antinuclear/eng/
In May, the Danish Parliament agreed to a new electricity law that set the framework for a competitive market for electricity in Denmark. With the law comes a change of the Danish rules for sale of electricity from renewable-energy generators, e.g., windturbines, to the electric grid. The present very successful system is based on a combination of a tariff set to 85% of the consumer price and a partial reimbursement of the electricity taxes. The new system, operational from 2003, will be based on a market for renewable electricity, driven by an obligation by all consumers to buy an increasing share of electricity from renewables. This share will be raised annually by the government, following the plan of increasing renewable energy supply to 13% of primary energy in 2005 and probably to 35% in 2030.
It was somewhat a surprise for many in the Danish renewable-energy community that the parliament would leave a well proven system. Many fear that the new system, and the uncertainties that it brings, will slow down the development of windturbines in Denmark.
The text of the new law is available in
English and in Danish from the Danish
Energy Agency: http://www.ens.dk.
In the EU Commission, two directives are under preparation that will affect the development of renewable energy in the EU. The most advanced is a revision of the EU Directive of State Aid, regulating which kinds of subsidies and other measures the EU countries can have to support, e.g., renewable energy and energy-efficiency solutions. It sets an important framework for national policies for sustainable energy and should be studied carefully, when published. The text of the directive is currently being negotiated in the Commission. It is likely to be proposed from the Commission to the EU countries after the new Commission is in place in September.
The other upcoming directive will regulate renewable energy in the open electricity market. As mentioned in Sustainable Energy News No. 25 (May99), the Commission published a working paper and invited comments on the issue in the spring.
The EU Energy Ministers welcomed the initiative at their meeting in May, and asked the Commission to go forward with a directive. They recommended a directive that would set a framework for national policies, and that would not require any single system for all countries.
Nine NGOs (Greenpeace, Climate Network Europe, WWF, COGEN, Friends of the Earth - FoE, European Wind Energy Association - EWEA, Fgesellschaft Windenergie, Bundesverband Wind Energie, and the Business Council for Sustainable Future) proposed ten principles for the new directive, including national minimum targets of 8% renewable energy in the electricity mix by 2005 and 16% by 2010, with minimum increase of, respectively, 4% and 8%.
Greenpeace European Unit and others.