|Journal of the Network of African Countries on Local Building Materials and Technologies - Volume 3, Number 2 (HABITAT, 1994, 42 p.)|
Regional Workshop on Lime and Alternative Binders for East Africa, Tororo, Uganda, 6-10 December 1994
The Intermediate Technology Development Group (ITDG) in collaboration with the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development, of Uganda organized the Regional Workshop on lime and alternative binders for East Africa, which was held in Tororo, Uganda from 6 to 10 December 1994.
The workshop brought together 60 participants who were mainly experts or decision-makers in the sector. The workshop was also attended by a number of International Consultants as well as Representatives of UNCHS (Habitat) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO).
As part of the preparations, a series of studies were undertaken by various national "lime experts" from the region including small-lime producers and users themselves. Three broad types of studies undertaken included:
1. Eighteen case studies of small-scale innovative binder production from Kenya, Malawi, Sudan, The United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda;
2. Four national surveys of the use of hinders in low-income housing in both rural and urban areas in Kenya, The United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda and Zanzibar;
3. Four national surveys of the production and use of binders from the three East African countries plus Zimbabwe.
The workshop was concerned about the prevalent lack of adequate and affordable shelter for the majority of the region's population. The high cost of building materials, particularly cement, was noted as a major contributing factor to this problem, whereas unnecessarily high and restrictive standards and regulations do play a role as well. Lime and other binders, which could replace cement, are produced in the region on a small scale: they need to be further popularised and producers as well as users made aware of more appropriate technologies for their production and application. The workshop noted with particular concern that most producers of such materials do make excessive and inefficient use of fuelwood and that this has a serious impact on the environment, and that urgent steps are needed to improve this situation.
After the presentations of the various surveys and case studies in the plenary sessions the participants split into three working groups. These groups focused mainly on producers, users and policy makers. Each group identified the main problems faced by the binder sector and formulated recommendations and action plans to resolve or minimize the problems. A total of 13 main issue/problem areas were identified and deliberated upon. The workshop made some resolutions and formulated recommendations and action plans.
International Conference on Re-appraising the Urban Planning Process as an Instrument of Sustainable Urban Development and Management,
Nairobi, 3-7 October 1994
The Conference was jointly organized by UNCHS (Habitat), the Urban Management Programme (UMP) and the Housing and Urban Development Corporation (HUDCO) of India.
The Conference was attended by more than 95 participants representing 36 countries as well as a number of United Nations Agencies, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations.
Opening addresses were made by: the Deputy Secretary General of the Second United Nations Conference on Human Settlements, the Director of Cooperate Planning, Housing and Urban Development Corporation (HUDCO) of India and the Minister of Local Government of Kenya.
Having identified and reviewed the major issues, the Conference addressed the many deficiencies in traditional urban planning techniques and approaches. Although some questioned the relevance of urban planning, the Conference reached broad agreement of the necessity for continuing planning interventions to support efficient and equitable urban development. However, such interventions should reflect the view of planning as a process rather than as an end-product. Urban planning should focus on supporting urban development in ways which focus on aspirations and quality of life and which give greater emphasis to the community's people and organizations which make city economies work. Planning as a process recognizes that these tasks require much stronger political support at the local and higher levels of government and should reflect changing institutional frameworks, including trends to privatization and deregulation of services. In parallel, the Conference recognized that improved urban planning systems should form an integral component of urban management.
Five working groups were established to prepare recommendations on identified major areas requiring improved urban planning processes as follows.
Working Group 1 -
Urban planning approaches, strategies and related issues;
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Working Group 2 -
Inter-sectoral coordination mechanisms in urban planning and plan implementation
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Working Group 3 -
Regional planning strategies
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Working Group 4 -
Working Group 5 -
The full text of the report of the conference which includes the conclusions and recommendations is published and distributed by UNCHS (Habitat).
HS/320/94E; ISBN 92-1-131262-0
Expert-group Meeting to Review the Draft of
Second Global Report on Human Settlements,
Nairobi, Kenya, 29-31 May 1995
The General Assembly of the United Nations, in its resolution 34/114 of 14 December 1979, instructed UNCHS (Habitat) to prepare, on a periodic basis, a "Global Report on Human Settlements" according to the objectives, format and contents set out in the report of the Executive Director to the Commission on Human Settlements (HS/C/2/8.22 February 1979). The main objective of the Global Report is "to provide a complete review of human settlements conditions, including an analysis of major forces and trends accounting for both their present developments and their continuing creation, maintenance and improvement". The prime purpose is to analyse world-wide and regional developments, trends and future prospects in the field of human settlements.
The First Global Report on Human settlements was prepared and published by the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat) in 1987. This Report was widely recognized as an indispensable source on human settlements conditions, trends and policies and as the most comprehensive publication yet produced by the United nations on this topic. Covering key issues, such as shelter, settlements management, institutions, financing, land infrastructure and human settlements development strategies, the Report documents global human settlements conditions and trends to help member governments improve their settlements policies, plans and programmes.
The Second Global Report on Human Settlements is being prepared to review the human settlements situation since the last edition in 19S7 and will serve as a major background document at the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II), in June 1996. A draft version of the Report has been made available to the 15th session of the Commission on Human Settlements and to the Second Preparatory Committee of the Habitat II Conference during 24 April to 5 May 1995.
The general objectives of this Expert Group Meeting is to review the first draft of the Second Global Report, to provide comments and suggestions that could help till identified gaps, update and enrich the Report.
Meeting of the Ministers Responsible for
Settlements in the Eastern and Southern Africa
Subregion, Preparatory to the Second United Nations
Conference on Human Settlements l Habitat II),
Kampala, Uganda, 26-28 February 1995
The Meeting of Ministers will review the in-country preparatory process for the Habitat II and draft and adopt a declaration.
Meeting of the Ministers in-charge of Housing
Urban Development of the Subregion of Central
Africa, Comoros and Djibouti and of Uganda and
Senegal, Brazzaville, Congo, 10-12 April 1995
The Meeting of Ministers while considering the Declaration adopted in Nairobi by African Ministers on the 30 March 1994, will draft and adopt the Brazzaville Declaration.
Regional Workshop on Urban Poverty
Governance of Southern and Eastern Africa, Nairobi,
Kenya, 14-16 March 1995
African countries are rapidly urbanizing, and it is envisaged that most sub-Saharan African countries will be over 50 per cent urban by the year 2010. The rapidly increasing pressure on urban areas is causing considerable strain on towns and cities in terms of the need to expand and create new infrastructure, provide basic social services and create employment. The demand in each area far outstrips the supply, while the majority of the young school leavers are streaming to the main towns in search of employment.
The workshop will be organized jointly by UNCHS (Habitat) and the Ford Foundation and its main objective is to build capacity at national and municipal levels for tackling the problems of urban poverty and governance.