|The Courier N° 138 - March - April 1993 Dossier: Africa's New Democracies - Country Reports : Jamaica - Zambia (EC Courier, 1993, 96 p.)|
|CTA - Bulletin|
The Foreign Affairs Ministers of the Member States of the European Community have issued the following statements on the dates indicated:
8 January: Statement on Kenya
The European Community and its member States welcome the holding of multi-party elections in Kenya on 29th December 1992 as an important step in the ongoing democratization process in the country.
The Community and its member States have also noted with satisfaction that the Kenyan people exercised their democratic right to vote in great numbers and in a peaceful manner throughout the country, thus proving an impressive degree of political maturity. They have, however, noted with concern reports by international observers as well as national monitors of irregularities in the election process.
The Community and its member States hope that all parties will not turn to violence but use legal means to seek redress of all grievances related to the conduct of the election process.
The election results seem to represent a broad reflection of the choice of the Kenyan people, and the Community and its member States therefore urge all political parties to take up their seats in Parliament and find ways and means to work together within the constitutional framework, for the future peace, prosperity and unity of Kenya.
21 January: Statement on Haiti
The Community and its member States have consistently reaffirmed their commitment to the restoration of the democratic and constitutional government in Haiti as well as their will to support all efforts conducive to a settlement of the Haitian crisis.
They, therefore, welcome the efforts by the organization of American States and the United Nations to bring about the restoration of democracy in Haiti, and they urge all parties concerned to work towards this end.
The elections held on 18 January as well as those planned for 25 January do not constitute free and fair elections since the necessary preconditions, notably freedom of expression and assembly and the right to an open political dialogue, do not exist in Haiti.
For these reasons, the Community and its member States do not consider these elections to be a valid expression of the democratic will.
22 January: Statement on Angola
The Community and its member States deplore the outbreak of widespread and fierce fighting in Angola and the heavy losses of human lives incurred. They appeal strongly to the government and to UNITA to bring an end to the fighting, which constitutes a serious set-back for the peace process that culminated in the free and fair elections of September 1992. They also appeal to the countries in the region to refrain from any act that could contribute to an internationalisation of the present conflict in Angola.
A solution to Angola's problem cannot be found on the battleground. A general cease-fire is the first and immediate requirement. On this basis they regret the refusal by UNITA to attend a meeting of military leaders due to have taken place in Addis Ababa last week thus jeopardizing the efforts of the special representative of the UN, the Secretary-General and the observers to the peace process and they urge UNITA to reconsider that decision.
The Community and its member States reiterate their earlier appeals to the parties, in particular UNITA, to abide by the results of the elections, observe the Bicesse Peace Accords and resume the demobilisation process. In this context, they urge the President of Angola and the UNITA leader to respond positively to the UN Secretary-General's call for an early meeting between them.
The Community and its member States consider that the United Nations should continue to play a key role in restoring and maintaining peace in Angola. They look forward to the report of the United Nations Secretary-General on the future role of UNAVEM. In the light of this report, the United Nations Security Council should consider the role and mandate of UNAVEM and the possibilities of strengthening the United Nations' involvement in the peace process. However, it must be underlined that cessation of hostilities and genuine willingness to reopen the political dialogue are prerequisites for a meaningful UN contribution.
21 January: Statement on Rwanda
The Community and its member States express satisfaction that, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Arusha cease-fire agreement of 12.7.1992, the Rwandese Government and the Rwandese Patriotic Front have concluded a protocol agreeing on power-sharing during the transitional period.
They feel that this important stage in the political negotiations should quickly lead, in the interests both of the Rwandese people and the entire subregion and of fruitful international co-operation, to the restoration of peace and security and to the return of persons displaced by the war to the land from which they have been driven. The progress achieved should also pave the way to the reconciliation of the Rwandese people with itself, the organization of free elections in the near future and the strengthening of democracy in Rwanda.
The Community and its member States pay tribute to the work carried out by the negotiating parties in their dynamic quest for a peaceful and lasting solution to the conflict. They urge all Rwandese political forces to continue to support the Arusha process and the agreements resulting from it and to work for pacification in unity and tolerance. They particularly appreciate the constructive role and positive contribution of Tanzania and of the other countries and international organizations which are observers in the Arusha negotiations.
1 February: Statement on Zaire
The European Community and its member States deeply deplore the outbreak of violence which has just occurred in Zaire and which has caused numerous deaths, including that of the Ambassador of France in Kinshasa.
While expressing their grave anxiety at this new trial facing the Zairian people, the European Community and its member States are also very concerned for their nationals and hope that the ongoing evacuation can be continued in good order.
The European Community urgently appeals to the forces involved to put a stop to the fighting.
Political forces in Zaire must do everything in their power to enable the democratic process to make a fresh start, and the transitional Government must exercise its prerogatives in all areas, including the maintenance of order in compliance with human rights, and the economic and monetary control which are necessary for the social situation to be restored.
In this respect, the European Community calls upon the President of Zaire to ensure that an end is put to the actions to obstruct the process of democratic transition. It supports the efforts of the President of the High Council of the Republic, Monseigneur Mossengwo, to promote a political settlement enabling this transition to free and democratic elections to be properly carried out.
1 February: Declaration on the follow-up to the Warburton Mission
The Community and its member States welcome the report submitted by the Warburton Mission on its findings during visits conducted on 20-24 December 1992 and 19-26 January 1993.
The decision by the European Council to establish this investigation is vindicated by the findings. Rape has been perpetrated on a wide scale in former Yugoslavia, in such a way as to be part of a clear pattern. The great majority of the many thousands of victims have been Muslims.
The European Community and its member States are appalled by these crimes and the inhumanity which marks the present conflict. They intend to implement the recommendations in the report on assistance to the Bosnian Muslim women victims of rape and other atrocities.
At a political level, the Community and its member States will approach the parties to the conflict, and in particular the political leadership, to impress on them the incontrovertible nature of the evidence and the imperative need to bring these abhorrent practices to an end. In this context, the Community and its member States will pursue full implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 798 and will endeavour to inspect the locations associated with the practice of rape.
26 January: Statement by Manuel Marin on Togo
Following the violent repression of a peaceful opposition demonstration in Lomy the Togolese armed forces on Monday 25 January, in which at least 12 people were killed and 25 wounded, Manuel Marin, the Commissioner responsible for development and humanitarian aid, has issued the following statement:
'I have learned with great emotion of the drama to which the population of Lomas again been subjected. I am deeply shocked by the upsurge of violence and of death in a peaceful demonstration. I hope the Togolese people will remain calm and find a peaceful way of resolving their political problems and resume as quickly as possible the democratic process.
In order to facilitate the return to calm, I now appeal to President Eyadema to declare the army neutral and to take measures to ensure that this neutrality is effective. I also appeal to the different political forces to restart dialogue as quickly as possible in view of elections which will allow everyone to express and determine themselves freely, in order to establish stable and lasting democratic institutions.
Once again, I remind that the Commission is ready to support this process, the only guarantor of a balanced and durable development.