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close this bookLife Skills for Young Ugandans- Secondary Teachers' Training Manual (UNICEF, 254 p.)
close this folderSection Four: Sample Activities
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHEALTH
View the documentWATER AND ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION
View the documentFAMILY HEALTH AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS
View the documentCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES
View the documentORAL HEALTH
View the documentSMOKING
View the documentDRUG ABUSE

WATER AND ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION

Introduction

In the unit, the students will be able to appreciate the importance of caring for and protecting water to make it safe for use as well as keeping and living in a clean environment. They need to develop life skills such as critical thinking and decision making to be able to get the best out of the environment while at the same time protecting it.

What should be taken into account when covering content is that different age groups have different characteristics and needs which have to be addressed in relation to the concepts of water and environmental sanitation.

Details of these are covered within the tables in Section Three of this manual.

TOPIC

DOMESTIC WATER SUPPLY

ACTIVITY ONE

DISCUSSION ON DOMESTIC WATER SUPPLY

Objectives

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. Describe various ways by which water from different sources can become contaminated and how this can be avoided.

2. Discuss how water could be made safe for domestic use.

3. Use safe clean water for all their needs.

Life Skills to be developed

Critical thinking, problem solving.

Materials

Notebooks, pens, school water source, community water source.

Procedure

1. Divide the class into groups of 5-8 students.
2. Each group discusses:

· sources of domestic water.
· how water gets home from the source.
· how water is stored at home.
· possible ways by which the water may be contaminated:

(i) at the source.
(ii) at home.

· how to make water safe for domestic use.

3. Each group reports to the whole class.


Picture showing a protected spring

Learning Points

· Sources of water include wells, springs, rivers, rainwater, lakes and streams.
· Ways of water contamination, such as defecation, animals, use of dirty containers should be pointed out.

Hint

· If the groups are many, the teacher should ensure that the groups do not repeat points that are mentioned by others. This could be done by asking each group to provide one point at a time, in turn.

Extension Activity

1. Visits to different water sources.


Piped water source

ACTIVITY TWO

VISITING A COMMUNITY WATER SOURCE

Objectives

By the end of the lesson, students should be able to:

1. Locate a community water source.
2. Discuss the need for protecting water sources.

Life Skills to be developed

Problem solving, critical thinking.

Materials

Notebooks, pens.

Procedure

1. Teacher introduces the lesson by asking some questions about the previous lesson.
2. Teacher gives instructions about visit to the water source.
3. Class visits nearest community water source.
4. While at source, students write down:

· type of water source.
· aspects that make the water source safe or unsafe.
· ways of improving the water source.
· any other relevant comments.

5. Back at school, teacher divides the class into groups and requests each group to write a report on what they have observed during the visit.

Learning point

· Apart from water being protected, students should be able to note that human activities contribute a lot to contaminating the source and that there is a need to sensitise the community about safe water supply.

Hint

· If the water source is far from the school, the teacher may carry out the activity in a double period.

Extension Activities

1. Groups are requested to visit the school water source in their spare time and compare it with the community water source. Points to consider should be similar to those they used during the visit to the community water source.

2. During the next period the teacher requests different groups to present their reports to the rest of the class. This is followed by concluding remarks on the activity.