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close this bookSpecial Public Works Programmes - SPWP - Community Water Supply - A Community Participation Training Element for SPWP User Beneficiaries (ILO - UNDP, 1987, 100 p.)
close this folderSESSION 7: Springs
View the documentGUIDELINES
View the documentREADING SECTION
View the documentDISCUSSION OPPORTUNITY

GUIDELINES

DISCUSSION LEADER’S GUIDE

OBJECTIVES:

At the end of this learning/discussion session, the participants should be able to:

1. Define the term spring and give an example of a spring in the area.

2. Discuss the need for and methods of keeping spring water clean at the source and at the tap.

3. Discuss community and individual responsibilities for the protection of the water system.

TIME:

one to two hours

MATERIAL:

chalkboard and chalk, or flipchart and pen

SESSION GUIDE:

1. PLEASE NOTE: USE THIS MATERIAL ONLY IF SPRINGS ARE USED AS A WATER SOURCE FOR THE COMMUNITY. IF THE WATER SYSTEM IS BASED ON WELLS OR SURFACE WATER SOURCES. DO NOT USE THIS SESSION.

SEE SESSION 6 FOR MATERIAL ABOUT WELLS.

2. The USEFUL WORDS at the beginning of the session material are very important. If the participants do not understand them, they will not understand the information that is later presented.

DO NOT just ask them if they understand the definitions. Translate them into the local language. Discuss and give examples of each word if necessary.

3. The design of each water system depends on the geological and topographical factors in the area. Consequently, the intake chamber referred to in this session is not described in detail. What is important is the FUNCTION of the intake chamber, not its exact design.

If the spring and intake chamber are nearby, it would be useful for the participants to take a field trip to inspect them and also the watershed area.

4. Some water supply systems based on spring water may have reservoirs and sedimentation tanks. Some may use pumps; others are simple gravity systems. The group discussion leader must be prepared to explain the function of all major components of the system.

If the participants understand the functions of the various components of the water system, they will be more motivated to take care of the whole system.

5. The section entitled “Possible Problems” gives a good opportunity to reinforce the personal and communal Rules of Hygiene which were discussed in Session 4.

6. The information presented in the section entitled “Community Responsibilities” may or may not be suitable for this community. Let the participants decide if the suggestions are appropriate for their area. This section will be most valuable if it provides an opportunity for the participants to think carefully about their responsibilities.

7. DISCUSSION OPPORTUNITY: These questions present a good opportunity to gain a commitment to solving or preventing problems with the community water supply system.

Emphasise the idea that these participants are leaders and that they should use their influence to prevent or correct problems of the water system.

8. SUGGESTED ANSWERS:

Question 1: The definition of a spring should include the following information: A spring is ground water which naturally seeps or flows to the surface.

Questions 2, 3 and 4: Answers will vary. Be sure that they are based on the facts of the area.

Question 5: The discussion of this question could lead to an understanding of community responsibility for the continued maintenance and operation of the water system. Encourage commitment to whatever actions are necessary.

9. READING ASSIGNMENT: If this group does study assignments before each learning/discussion session, ask them to read the material in Session 8 before the next group meeting.