|Special Public Works Programmes - SPWP - Community Water Supply - A Community Participation Training Element for SPWP User Beneficiaries (ILO - UNDP, 1987, 100 p.)|
|SESSION 7: Springs|
1. What is a spring?
Is spring water surface water or ground water?
Do you know of an unprotected spring in your area?
Does water flow from it all year?
2. Tell about the protected spring(s) in your area. Where is it?
What is the intake chamber made of?
Have you seen the overflow pipe? Draw a picture of it on the chalkboard.
How many metres of pipe do you think were necessary to bring the spring water to the standposts in your village? Guess.
3. Have you had any problems with the water system in your community?
Is the water pure? Does it taste good?
Is there enough water all year?
Do people use the standpost properly? If not, what should they do?
4. Do you know where the watershed area is for your spring(s).
Do most community members know?
Is the watershed area protected? How?
Does anything need to be done now to protect the watershed area? Who should do this?
5. Did the people in your community make contributions of money, materials and/or labour for the construction of your water supply system?
Do they have a continuing obligation to pay for the costs of the operation and maintenance of the system?
Has your water supply system ever failed because of the lack of funds to pay the cost of the caretakers salary, or of spare parts, or of specialists needed to repair the system?
Do you know of communities where this has happened?
What could be done to prevent such occurrences?