|Ideas for Action : Save, Recycle and Do Not Pollute (IIRR, 1992, 146 p.)|
Water conservation in farm households
Ensure that the right amount of water is used in a proper manner and at the right time.
· Place water storage tanks that collect and store rainwater from roof of the houses and other buildings.
· If the water source is a spring, build an enclosed reservoir where water from the spring can be collected. Make it a community project rather than an individual household project.
· Where possible, excess water from the spring can be diverted to communal fish ponds where fish can be cultured.
· If a ground well with a hand pump is used, provide an adjustable downspout located close to the ground to minimize splashes.
· Excess run-off water from a ground well can be drained into small ditches leading to the irrigation of vegetable gardens.
· Soak dirty farm implements and tools for easier cleaning.
· Water backyard gardens during the cool part of the day (early morning or late afternoon) and avoid too frequent watering.
· When watering plants, use a pail and small can with tiny holes at the bottom.
· Provide drinking trough for animals.
· Use mulch (cut straw or grasses) to minimize surface evaporation from your garden and reduce weed problems.
· Soak heavily soiled clothes before washing to remove large stains.
· Save rinse water from home for use in cleaning animal pens/houses.
Ideas for Action:
A Technology Information Kit, November 23 - 28, 1992