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close this bookEnvironmental Handbook Volume II: Agriculture, Mining/Energy, Trade/Industry (GTZ, 1995, 736 p.)
close this folderMining and energy
close this folder37. Underground mining
View the document1. Scope
View the document2. Environmental impacts and protective measures
View the document3. Notes on the analysis and evaluation of environmental impacts
View the document4. Interaction with other sectors
View the document5. Summary assessment of environmental relevance
View the document6. References

4. Interaction with other sectors

With regard to environmental consequences, underground mining is closely linked to a number of other sectors, including in particular:

- prospection and exploration of deposits in preparation for the actual underground extraction activities;
- processing of the raw materials to obtain marketable products, with such processing normally taking place in centralized plants situated directly at or near the mine;
- conversion into electricity in thermal power stations, many of which are located in the near vicinity of brown-coal mining operations;
- building construction and civil engineering as sectors pertinent to establishment of the requisite mining infrastructure and means of transportation to the market. (Mines tend to be found in isolated locations, accordingly intensive construction activities are required.);
- waste disposal, e.g., for thickener sludge, hydraulic oil, spent oil and the like, and problems concerning ultimate disposal;
- water management, since natural water is quantitatively and qualitatively altered by the discharge of mine water into surface waters or groundwater as well as by the extraction of water for use as process water;
- forestry as a bulk provider of timbering wood;
- and, finally, regional development, which consistently derives strong impetus from mining activities.