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close this bookSafe Blood in Developing Countries - The Lessons from Uganda (EC, 1995, 151 p.)
close this folderSection Two - Background: Uganda's history, health, and the HIV/AIDS epidemic
close this folderChapter Three - AIDS in Uganda: A glimmer of hope?
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentExtent of aids in Uganda
View the documentMobilising to deal with HIV/AIDS
View the documentThe evidence for 'a glimmer of hope'
View the documentVoluntary mass HIV testing as a route to behaviour change

Extent of aids in Uganda

Cases of AIDS first began to appear in the 1980s, and soon after HIV tests became available in 1985, the first case of AIDS was confirmed in the Rakai district, part of that area bordering on Lake Victoria which many regard as the epicentre of the AIDS pandemic in Africa. Estimates suggest that the cumulative number of AIDS cases since then is over 300,000, and projections suggest that in the 1993 - 1998 period, due to past infection rates, perhaps 565,000 adults and 250,000 children could have died of AIDS (though actual numbers will never be known, due to under-reporting and under-diagnosis).

The most common symptoms of HIV in Uganda are weight loss, chronic diarrhoea, prolonged fever and cough, and (more and more) tuberculosis. Once AIDS sets in, Ugandans survive for a far shorter time than in developed countries. Partly as a result of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis has re-emerged (in Uganda as elsewhere in Africa) as a serious and growing public health problem.