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close this bookFamine, Needs-assessment and Survival Strategies in Africa (Oxfam, 1993, 40 p.)
close this folder3 Survival strategies and their 'costs'
View the document(introduction...)
View the document3.1 Eating wild foods
View the document3.2 Going hungry
View the document3.3 Food preparation
View the document3.4 Slavery
View the document3.5 Sale of assets (productive/non-productive) and purchase of food
View the document3.6 Trading
View the document3.7 Labouring
View the document3.8 Household migration
View the document3.9 Consurnption of assets
View the document3.10 Borrowing
View the document3.11 Gifts
View the document3.12 Receiving remittances
View the document3.13 Theft

3.11 Gifts

Family, village, and ethnic ties have been important in securing flows of resources to displaced people in Mozambique and Angola. But often people have been forced to move considerable distances, and have ended up living with people they do not know. In Red Sea Hills, families have shared food with other families. Inter-household transfers and loans may dry up as the crisis deepens, particularly since many members of a community or kinship group may be subject to stress at the same time.

Community networks may also be breaking down as commercial relationships become more important. After a study of the Kebkabiya area in spring 1985, Martin wrote: 'Redistribution of grain, and purchase to make up deficits in recent drought years, depends on grain markets, not on community networks.'