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close this bookFamine, Needs-assessment and Survival Strategies in Africa (Oxfam, 1993, 40 p.)
close this folder3 Survival strategies and their 'costs'
View the document(introduction...)
View the document3.1 Eating wild foods
View the document3.2 Going hungry
View the document3.3 Food preparation
View the document3.4 Slavery
View the document3.5 Sale of assets (productive/non-productive) and purchase of food
View the document3.6 Trading
View the document3.7 Labouring
View the document3.8 Household migration
View the document3.9 Consurnption of assets
View the document3.10 Borrowing
View the document3.11 Gifts
View the document3.12 Receiving remittances
View the document3.13 Theft

3.3 Food preparation

In 'normal' years in Angola, many farmers pound maize into flour in a mortar and pestle, leading to a 20-30 per cent loss of food value, as the 'skins' of the maize kernel are left over with some of the flour still attached to them. This 'waste' can be used for feeding chickens or making beer. Oxfam staff reported that in 1991, when stocks of maize were very low, farmers ground maize by hammering it on a rock, a process with very little waste.