|Famine, Needs-assessment and Survival Strategies in Africa (Oxfam, 1993, 40 p.)|
|3 Survival strategies and their 'costs'|
In 'normal' years in Angola, many farmers pound maize into flour in a mortar and pestle, leading to a 20-30 per cent loss of food value, as the 'skins' of the maize kernel are left over with some of the flour still attached to them. This 'waste' can be used for feeding chickens or making beer. Oxfam staff reported that in 1991, when stocks of maize were very low, farmers ground maize by hammering it on a rock, a process with very little waste.