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close this bookABC of Women Workers' Rights and Gender Equality (ILO, 2000, 124 p.)
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Job evaluation and classification

Job evaluation and classification is a system of comparing different jobs to provide a basis for a grading and a pay structure. The idea is to evaluate the job and not the person who is doing the job. Non-discriminatory job evaluation should lead to a payment system within which work of equal value receives equal pay regardless of sex.

The purpose of job evaluation is to establish the value of jobs in a hierarchy, notably for the purpose of devising an appropriate pay structure. The process involves evaluating one job in relation to others by means of a weighting system for the various elements of the jobs compared.

Job classification is a set of categories used to classify jobs in a particular enterprise or organization. In a job classification scheme, individual jobs are graded by reference to benchmark jobs and grade descriptions.

® see also Equal remuneration (pay) and Job description