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close this bookGuide Book for TVE Teacher Education Curriculum Development and Adaptation (NITE - UNESCO, 1996, 32 p.)
close this folderSECTION B - TVE TEACHER EDUCATION IN MEMBER COUNTRIES - A SUMMARY
View the documentAUSTRALIA
View the documentBANGLADESH
View the documentCHINA
View the documentINDIA
View the documentJAPAN
View the documentPAKISTAN
View the documentPHILIPPINES
View the documentSRI LANKA
View the documentTHAILAND

AUSTRALIA

Australia has both a Commonwealth and State Government responsibility for TVE Teacher Training. The Commonwealth, through the Australian National Training Authority (ANTA) is responsible for establishing policy and strategic directions for TVE in Australia. The States are responsible for using these strategic directions and customizing them to meet the local needs of the different States and Territories. TVE Teachers throughout Australia come to their jobs because of their 'technical' skills and experience rather than their educational methodology expertise. Very little TVE Teachers training is conducted pre-service because of this fact. Most TVE Teachers Training is therefore conducted inservice.

In 1990 the 'Teaching and Learning' programme was developed as a National initiative. The curriculum was designed by gaining advice and expert from industry, unions, university staff, and practitioners. Teachers who complete this 80 hour on and off the job training programmer gain credit in the University Bachelor of Teaching.

The programme has been running for 5 years and is currently being reviewed using a consultative approach.

The current trend in curriculum development is that programmes have the following characteristics: flexible, relevant, work-based and assessed in the real work situation, part of a structured training programme which is recognized and leads to further study and provides recognition of prior learning.

For long standing TVE teachers who need to keep up with new methodologies, a Graduate Certificate in Training - Action learning has been developed by ANTA. This programme of 240 hours is a post graduate award and encourages TVE teachers to update their knowledge and skills in flexible on the job action learning.

The challenges for TVE Teachers in the next 5 years are:

¨ working collaboratively with industry,
¨ internationalization of education
¨ implementation of general key competencies
¨ implementation of flexible delivery and on line delivery using technology
¨ managing/facilitating learning experiences
¨ developing a customer focused culture
¨ using/customizing curriculum and packaged learning materials.

The provision of TVE by a range of providers including Industry/Enterprise, Schools and Universities belong with Institutes of Technical and Further Education (TAFE) has brought about the need to develop Work-place Trainer Competency Standards and Curriculum for training. Providers who want to be registered must comply with the requirements with regard to teacher qualifications. The minimum standard is Work-place Trainer Category 2. Collaboration between TAFE and non-TAFE providers is encouraged to ensure that the training delivered and assessed in the work-place has both content and methodology integrity.

The review of the 'Teaching and Learning' programme will ensure articulation between it and the Work-Place Training programme and the Bachelor of Teaching in Education and Training of Adults. The articulation is necessary and demanded by both the training system and the participants.

Under the auspices of ANTA which provides policy and strategic directions, the Commonwealth and State governments share the responsibility of TVE teacher training. The pre-service modality is much less prevalent than the inservice. The current trend in curriculum development includes the principles of flexibility, relevance, work based orientation and is assessment in real work situation. It also includes the recognition of prior learning. The training programmes are competency based. There are many providers of TVE teacher training such as TAFE industries, school and other non TAFE institutions.