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close this bookAgenda 21 on Environment and Development (Agenda 21 - Sustainable Development Conference, 1992)
close this folderAGENDA 21: the Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Earth Summit) in Rio
close this folderSection III. Strengthening the role of major groups
View the documentChapter 23: Preamble
View the documentChapter 24: Global action for women towards sustainable and equitable development
View the documentChapter 25: Children and youth in sustainable development
View the documentChapter 26: Recognizing and strengthening the role of indigenous people and their communities
View the documentChapter 27: Strengthening the role of non-governmental organizations: partners for sustainable development
View the documentChapter 28: Local authorities' initiatives in support of Agenda 21
View the documentChapter 29: Strengthening the role of workers and their trade unions
View the documentChapter 30: Strengthening the role of business and industry
View the documentChapter 31: Scientific and technological community
View the documentChapter 32: Strengthening the role of farmers

Chapter 23: Preamble

23.1. Critical to the effective implementation of the objectives, policies and mechanisms agreed to by Governments in all programme areas of Agenda 21 will be the commitment and genuine involvement of all social groups.

23.2. One of the fundamental prerequisites for the achievement of sustainable development is broad public participation in decision-making. Furthermore, in the more specific context of environment and development, the need for new forms of participation has emerged. This includes the need of individuals, groups and organizations to participate in environmental impact assessment procedures and to know about and participate in decisions, particularly those which potentially affect the communities in which they live and work. Individuals, groups and organizations should have access to information relevant to environment and development held by national authorities, including information on products and activities that have or are likely to have a significant impact on the environment, and information on environmental protection measures.

23.3. Any policies, definitions or rules affecting access to and participation by non-governmental organizations in the work of United
Nations institutions or agencies associated with the implementation of
Agenda 21 must apply equally to all major groups.

23.4. The programme areas set out below address the means for moving towards real social partnership in support of common efforts for sustainable development.