Cover Image
close this bookObstacles to Tree Planting in Arid and Semi-Arid lands: Comparative Case Studies from India and Kenya (UNU, 1982, 63 p.)
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentSummary and conclusions
close this folder1. Introduction and purpose of the study
View the documentThe United Nations University programme
View the documentObjective of the study
View the documentChoice of study areas
View the documentDefinitions and distribution of arid and semi-arid lands
View the documentBenefits of trees-the "4-E Package"
View the documentRecent trends in forestry
close this folder2. India
View the documentForestry policy, strategy, and organization
View the documentSelection of the study area
View the documentResources and needs for forest products and services
View the documentOvercoming the major obstacles to tree planting
View the documentThe Gujarat community forestry project
close this folder3. Kenya
View the documentLand Tenure and use
View the documentDefinition and distribution of the arid and semi-arid zones
View the documentGovernment policy on arid zone development
View the documentForestry organization and policy
View the documentRural afforestation and extension
View the documentNeeds for forest products and services in the arid zone
View the documentCurrent programmes of afforestation in the arid zone
View the documentOvercoming the major obstacles to tree planting
close this folder4. India and Kenya: Comparisons and contrasts
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentEnvironmental and technical factors
View the documentInstitutional factors
View the documentSocial and economic factors
View the documentAppendix 1. Outline of a four-week training course in community forestry and extension at the commonwealth forestry institute Oxford
View the documentAppendix 2. Proposal for a 35-hour course in agro-forestry for agricultural students (third-year degree)
View the documentAppendix 3. Summer courses at the commonwealth forestry institute, Oxford
View the documentReferences
View the documentOther UNU publications

Choice of study areas

Two English-speaking countries were chosen, India and Kenya, both of which were known previously to the consultant. They both have large areas of arid and semi-arid lands, but they have different population totals and densities; in both cases there are appreciable demands by their populations for wood products, particularly fuelwood and fodder. Kenya hosts the headquarters of international agencies, including ICRAF (International Council for Research in Agro-forestry) and UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme), but it has no research institute specifically concerned with arid lands development. In contrast, India has ICRISAT (International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Hyderabad) and CAZRI (Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur) as well as the long-established FRI (Forest Research Institute, Dehra Dun). Kenya has a new university forestry department with inadequate staff and a curriculum that is not yet well-developed in agro-forestry and arid zone forestry; India has many training establishments and many graduates in agriculture, forestry, and soil and water conservation.

Both countries have long traditions of professional forest management, but until 1980 Kenya has emphasized afforestation by industrial plantations on relatively highly productive sites, while in India considerable attention in the last ten years has been given to social (community) forestry in less desirable environments. The two countries also differ in land use policy and tenure, and the organization of field staff.