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close this bookThe Improvement of Tropical and Subtropical Rangelands (BOSTID)
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View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentPanel on the improvement of tropical and subtropical rangelands
View the documentContributors
View the documentNational research council staff
View the documentPreface
close this folderOverview: Dimensions of a worldwide environmental crisis
View the documentThe geographical scope
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close this folderPart I
close this folderIntroduction
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close this folderThe nature of tropical and subtropical rangelands
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View the documentRange classification
View the documentSocial system-ecosystem interactions
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close this folderThe social context for rangeland improvement
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View the documentProduction systems in tropical and subtropical regions
View the documentContext of environmental degradation
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close this folderThe economic context
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View the documentRange systems
View the documentThe basis of range economics
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View the documentDetermining costs and benefits
View the documentResource evaluation
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close this folderRegional resource assessment
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View the documentInformation needs
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close this folderSite evaluation
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View the documentAn ecosystem perspective
View the documentA systems approach to site evaluation
View the documentEvaluation of abiotic and biotic components
View the documentIntegrated evaluations
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close this folderGrazing management
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View the documentGrazing management concepts
View the documentTime of grazing
View the documentDistribution of grazing
View the documentType of animal grazing
View the documentNumber of animals grazing
View the documentGrazing management planning
View the documentGrazing management systems
View the documentLivestock management
View the documentThe herima system in Mali
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close this folderRehabilitation techniques
View the documentEstablishing plants on the range
View the documentNatural revegetation
View the documentDirect seeding
View the documentImprovement of tropical and subtropical rangelands
View the documentSelected practices
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close this folderCriteria for plant selection
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View the documentSocioeconomic and management considerations in feasibility studies
View the documentAdaptation to ecoclimatic conditions
View the documentAdaptation to soils
View the documentAdaptation to physiography, geomorphology, topography, slope, and aspect
View the documentAbility of introduced species to compete with native vegetation
View the documentUse regimes
View the documentAvailability of seeds and plant materials
View the documentMaintenance of biological diversity
View the documentPlant improvement
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close this folderPart II
View the documentIntroduction to the case studies
close this folderPastoral regimes of Mauritania
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View the documentPhysical geography
View the documentMigration cycle
close this folderThe Beni Mguild of Morocco
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View the documentPhysical geography
View the documentMigratory cycle
close this folderThe Kel Tamasheq
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentCamp organization
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close this folderDromedary pastoralism in Africa and Arabia
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentReproduction and risk
View the documentManagement and labor
View the documentSubsistence production
View the documentMarketing
View the documentPredatory pastoralism
View the documentThe future of camel pastoralism
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close this folderThe mountain nomads of Iran: Basseri and Bakhtiari
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View the documentThe physical environment
View the documentThe basseri
View the documentThe bakhtiari
close this folderThe Marri Baluch of Pakistan
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View the documentPhysical environment
View the documentSeasons and migrations
View the documentA mixed economic system
View the documentConclusiones
close this folderChanging patterns of resource use in the Bedthi-Aghanashini valleys of Karnataka state, India
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe setting
View the documentHuman communities
View the documentTraditional patterns of resource management
View the documentColonial period
View the documentAfter independence
View the documentRecent trends
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close this folderKenya: Seeking remedies for desert encroachment
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentBackground
View the documentTraditional pastoralism
View the documentBaseline studies
View the documentVegetation and livestock
View the documentDirections for the future
close this folderThe hema system in the Arabian peninsula
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View the documentRights of ownership or use
View the documentThe hema system in Saudi Arabia
View the documentThe mahmia or marah, and the koze system in Syria
View the documentNeglect of the hema and its consequences
View the documentHema in the range improvement and conservation programs in the near east
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close this folderWildlife land use at the Athi River, Kenya
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View the documentBackground
View the documentSome early findings
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close this folderCamel husbandry in Kenya: Increasing the productivity of ranchland
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentLocation
View the documentVegetation
View the documentLivestock
View the documentIntroduction of camels
View the documentManagement and adaptability
View the documentReproduction and lactation
View the documentVeterinary notes
View the documentEconomics
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close this folderThe potential of faidherbia albida for desertification control and increased productivity in Chad
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View the documentBackground
View the documentCharacteristics of faidherbia albida
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View the documentProject analysis and evaluation
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View the documentImproving Nigeria's animal feed resources: Pastoralists and scientists cooperate in fodder bank research
close this folderBoard on science technology for international development
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References

Africa South of the Sahara 1986. 1985. 15th ed. Europa Publications, London, England.

Africa South of the Sahara 1988. 1987. 17th ed. Europa Publications, London, England.

Charney, J. G. 1975. Dynamics of Deserts and Drought in the Sahel. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 101(428): 193202.

Chassey, F. de. 1978. La Mauritanic - 1900-1975. Editions Anthropos, Paris, France.

Cremoux, P. 1963. The importance of game-mest consumption in the diet of sedentary and nomadic peoples of the Senegal River Valley. Pp. 127129 in Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources in Modern African States. IUCN Publications New Series, no. 1. International Union {or the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Morges, Switzerland.

Gallais, J. 1979. La situation de l'vage bovin et le probl des veurs en Afrique occidentale et centrale. Les Cahiera d'Outre-Mer 32(126):113-138.

Gaston, A. and D. Dulieu. 1976. Prages du Kanem. Institut d'evage et de Mcine Vrinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisone-Alfort, France.

Heady, H. F. 1975. Rangeland Management. McGraw-Hill, New York, New York, USA.

Heady, H. F. and E. B. Heady. 1982. Range and Wildlife Management in the Tropics Longman, London, England.

Humphrey, R. R. 1962. Range Ecology. Ronald Press, New York, New York, USA.

International Institute for Environment and Development and the World Resources Institute. 1987. World Resources 1987. Basic Books, New York, New York, USA.

Malhotra, K. C., S. B. Khomne, and M. Gadgil. 1983. Hunting Strategies among Three Non-Pastoral Nomadic Groups of Maharashtra. Man in India 63(1):23-39.

National Research Council. 1962. Range Research: Basic Problems and Techniques. Joint Committee of the American Society of Range Management and the Agricultural Board of the National Academy of Sciences. National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, Washington, D.C., USA.

National Research Council. 1983. Environmental Change in the West African Sahel. Board on Science and Technology for International Development. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., USA.

National Research Council. 1984. Developing Strategies for Rangeland Management. Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, USA.

National Research Council. 1986. Proceedings of the Conference on Common Property Resource Management. Board on Science and Technology for International Development. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., USA.

Pratt, D. J., P. J. Greenway, and M. D. Gwynne. 1966. A classification of East African rangeland, with an appendix on terminology. Journal of Applied Ecology 3:369-382.

Sale, J. B. 1981. The Importance and Values of Wild Plants and Animals in Africa. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland, Switzerland.

Sampson, A. W. 1952. Range Management Principles and Practices. John Wiley and Sons, New York, New York, USA.

Stoddart, L. A. and A. D. Smith. 1955. Range Management. 2nd ed. McGraw-Hill, New York, New York, USA.

Study of Man's Impact on Climate. 1971. Inadvertent Climate Modification. MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.

Thomas, G. W. 1980. The Sahelian/Sudanian Zones of Africa. Profile of a Fragile Environment Report to the Rockefeller Foundation. Rockefeller Foundation, New York, New York, USA.

Woodwell, G. M., ed. 1984. The Role of Terrestrial Vegetation in the Global Carbon Cycle. SCOPE 23. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, England.

World Resources Institute and the International Institute for Environment and Development. 1986. World Resources 1986. Basic Books, New York, New York, USA.

World Resources Institute and the International Institute for Environment and Development. 1988. World Resources 1988-89. Basic Books, New York, New York, USA.