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close this bookThe Improvement of Tropical and Subtropical Rangelands (BOSTID)
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View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentPanel on the improvement of tropical and subtropical rangelands
View the documentContributors
View the documentNational research council staff
View the documentPreface
close this folderOverview: Dimensions of a worldwide environmental crisis
View the documentThe geographical scope
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close this folderPart I
close this folderIntroduction
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close this folderThe nature of tropical and subtropical rangelands
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View the documentRange classification
View the documentSocial system-ecosystem interactions
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close this folderThe social context for rangeland improvement
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View the documentProduction systems in tropical and subtropical regions
View the documentContext of environmental degradation
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close this folderThe economic context
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View the documentRange systems
View the documentThe basis of range economics
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View the documentDetermining costs and benefits
View the documentResource evaluation
View the documentMarket price determination
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close this folderRegional resource assessment
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View the documentInformation needs
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close this folderSite evaluation
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View the documentAn ecosystem perspective
View the documentA systems approach to site evaluation
View the documentEvaluation of abiotic and biotic components
View the documentIntegrated evaluations
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close this folderGrazing management
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View the documentGrazing management concepts
View the documentTime of grazing
View the documentDistribution of grazing
View the documentType of animal grazing
View the documentNumber of animals grazing
View the documentGrazing management planning
View the documentGrazing management systems
View the documentLivestock management
View the documentThe herima system in Mali
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close this folderRehabilitation techniques
View the documentEstablishing plants on the range
View the documentNatural revegetation
View the documentDirect seeding
View the documentImprovement of tropical and subtropical rangelands
View the documentSelected practices
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close this folderCriteria for plant selection
View the documentProject planning
View the documentSocioeconomic and management considerations in feasibility studies
View the documentAdaptation to ecoclimatic conditions
View the documentAdaptation to soils
View the documentAdaptation to physiography, geomorphology, topography, slope, and aspect
View the documentAbility of introduced species to compete with native vegetation
View the documentUse regimes
View the documentAvailability of seeds and plant materials
View the documentMaintenance of biological diversity
View the documentPlant improvement
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close this folderPart II
View the documentIntroduction to the case studies
close this folderPastoral regimes of Mauritania
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View the documentPhysical geography
View the documentMigration cycle
close this folderThe Beni Mguild of Morocco
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View the documentPhysical geography
View the documentMigratory cycle
close this folderThe Kel Tamasheq
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentCamp organization
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close this folderDromedary pastoralism in Africa and Arabia
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentReproduction and risk
View the documentManagement and labor
View the documentSubsistence production
View the documentMarketing
View the documentPredatory pastoralism
View the documentThe future of camel pastoralism
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close this folderThe mountain nomads of Iran: Basseri and Bakhtiari
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentThe physical environment
View the documentThe basseri
View the documentThe bakhtiari
close this folderThe Marri Baluch of Pakistan
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View the documentPhysical environment
View the documentSeasons and migrations
View the documentA mixed economic system
View the documentConclusiones
close this folderChanging patterns of resource use in the Bedthi-Aghanashini valleys of Karnataka state, India
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe setting
View the documentHuman communities
View the documentTraditional patterns of resource management
View the documentColonial period
View the documentAfter independence
View the documentRecent trends
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close this folderKenya: Seeking remedies for desert encroachment
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View the documentIntroduction
View the documentBackground
View the documentTraditional pastoralism
View the documentBaseline studies
View the documentVegetation and livestock
View the documentDirections for the future
close this folderThe hema system in the Arabian peninsula
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentRights of ownership or use
View the documentThe hema system in Saudi Arabia
View the documentThe mahmia or marah, and the koze system in Syria
View the documentNeglect of the hema and its consequences
View the documentHema in the range improvement and conservation programs in the near east
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close this folderWildlife land use at the Athi River, Kenya
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentBackground
View the documentSome early findings
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close this folderCamel husbandry in Kenya: Increasing the productivity of ranchland
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentLocation
View the documentVegetation
View the documentLivestock
View the documentIntroduction of camels
View the documentManagement and adaptability
View the documentReproduction and lactation
View the documentVeterinary notes
View the documentEconomics
View the documentReference
close this folderThe potential of faidherbia albida for desertification control and increased productivity in Chad
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View the documentBackground
View the documentCharacteristics of faidherbia albida
View the documentProject description
View the documentProject analysis and evaluation
View the documentConclusions
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View the documentImproving Nigeria's animal feed resources: Pastoralists and scientists cooperate in fodder bank research
close this folderBoard on science technology for international development
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View the documentMembers

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Brown, D. 1954. Methods of surveying and measuring vegetation. Bulletin of the Commonwealth Bureau of Pasture and Field Crops 43. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Farnham Royal, England.

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Cain, S. A. and G. M. de Oliveira Castro. 1959. Manual of Vegetation Analysis. Harper and Row, New York, New York, USA.

Camargo, M. N. and F. Palmieri. 1979. Correla aproximada das classes de solo da legenda preliminar do Estado do Rio de Janeiro com os sistemas FAO/Unesco e soil taxonomy. Pp. 41-46, in Anais da I reuniao de classificacao correla e interpreta de aptidao agricola de solos. Servico National de Levantamento e Conserva de Solos and Sociedade Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

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Conant, F., P. P. Rogers, M. F. Baumgardner, C. M. McKell, R. F. Dasmann, and P. Reining, eds. 1983. Resource Inventory and Baseline Study Methods for Developing Countries. American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, D.C., USA.

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Dudal, R. 1970. Key to Soil Units for the Soil Map of the World. Land and Water Development Division, Food and Agriculture Organisation, Rome, Italy.

Dunne, T. and L. B. Leopold. 1978. Water in Environmental Planning. W.H. Freeman, San Francisco, California, USA.

Frank, E. C. and R. Lee. 1966. Potential Solar Beam Irradiation on Slopes: Tables for 30 and 50 Latitude. Research Paper RM-18, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., USA.

Jacomine, P. K. T. 1979. Conceitua sumaria de classes de solos abrangidas na legends preliminar de identifica dos solos do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Pp. 1-27, in Anais da I reuniao de classifica, corrla c interpreta de aptidao agricola de solos. Servico National de Levantamento e Conserva de Solos and Sociedade Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Jones, J. R. 1969. Review and Comparison of Site Evaluation Methods,. Research Paper RM-51, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., USA.

Lund, H. G., V. J. LaBau, P. F. Ffolliott, and S. W. Robinson. 1978. Integrated Inventories of Renewable Natural Resources: Proceedings of the Workshop. General Technical Report RM-55, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., USA.

Lund, H. G., M. Caballero, R. H. Hamre, R. S. Driscoll, and W. Bonner. 1981. Arid Land Resource Inventories: Developing Cost-Efficient Methods. General Technical Report WO-28, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., USA.

Lutz, H. J. and R. F. Chandler. 1946. Forest Soils. John Wiley and Sons, New York, New York, USA.

National Research Council. 1962. Range Research Basic Problems and Technigues. Joint Committee of the American Society of Range Management and the Board on Agriculture of the National Academy of Sciences. National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, Washington, D.C., USA.

National Research Council. 1986. Proceedings, of the Conference on Common Property Resource Management. Board on Science and Technology for International Development. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. USA.

Pratt, D. J. and M. D. Gwynne. 1977. Rangeland Management and Ecology in East Africa. Robert E. Krieger Publishing Co., Huntington, New York, USA.

Schemnitz, S. D. 1980. Wildlife Management Technigues Manual. The Wildlife Society, Washington, D.C., USA.

Smith, G. D. 1963. Objectives and basic assumptions of the new soil classification system. Sod Science 96:6-16.

Soil Resources Inventory Group. 1981. Sod Resource Inventories and Development Planning. Soil Management Support Services, Technical Monograph No. 1. Soil Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., USA.

Soil Survey Staff. 1975. Sod Taxonomy: A Comprehensive System for Making and Interpreting Soil Surveys. Handbook 436. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., USA.

Wisler, C. O. and E. F. Brater. 1965. Hydrology. John Wiley and Sons, New York, New York, USA.