|Strengthening the Fabric of Society: Population. Capacity Building for Sustainable Development (UNDP - UNFPA, 1996, 53 p.)|
|7. Some Capacity Building Packages|
It is vital for the success of any population programme that underserved segments of the population be identified and adequate steps taken to meet their needs. Striving to meet unmet needs should be the cornerstone of any realistic population strategy. When deciding how best to satisfy existing demand, governments may want to concentrate their efforts, at least initially, in those areas of the country where poverty is entrenched, population growth is rapid, maternal and child mortality high, services inadequate, and the environment deteriorating (eg. forest destruction, loss of soils, inadequate water resources, etc). By identifying such "priority zones", limited financial and institutional support can be better utilized and donor resources put to best use.
1. An integrated population, environment and development strategy should be developed by the government in consultation with the international community, national and local NGOs, and other relevant organizations. Its primary aim should be to identify "priority zones" throughout the country - areas where resources are vitally needed to provide services and information about programme benefits.
2. Local citizen's action groups and NGOs should be mobilized to join in rescue efforts aimed at "priority zones", particularly if they already operate in these areas.
3. Mechanisms should be developed to allow donor assistance to be channeled directly to those organizations which will carry out on-the-ground action programmes - be it NGOs, government ministries, or local community action groups.
4. Wherever possible, governments should establish coordinated donor assistance committees, where all major donors - NGOs, international organizations, United Nations agencies, development banks, etc, - meet to discuss priorities and where best to channel limited development funds. Egypt has such donor groups for each major development sector - eg. population, resources and the natural environment, education and health, etc. In this way, donor assistance can be better spent, with minimum duplication of effort.
5. Interdisciplinary teams of experts, representing major development areas - health specialists, family planning providers, soil scientists, environmental engineers, hydrologists, demographers, policy makers, etc.-should be set up to oversee integrated activities in all "priority zones". These experts should coordinate activities and provide reports on progress, or the lack of it.
6. Priority zone projects should be approved for multi-year funding and resources made available so that all approved projects can be brought to fruition. No project should die from lack of appropriate funding, institutional support, or expertise.