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close this bookBetter Farming Series 02 - The Plant: the Stem; the Buds; the Leaves (FAO - INADES, 1976, 30 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the documentPlan of work
close this folderThe stem
View the documentWhere is the stem?
View the documentHow a stem is made
View the documentWhat the stem does
View the documentThe buds
close this folderThe leaves
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderHow a leaf is made
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentThe leaf-stalk
View the documentThe veins
View the documentThe shape of leaves
close this folderWhat are leaves for?
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHow the leaf changes raw sap into elaborated sap
View the documentOrganic matter in the plant
View the documentThe plant breathes.
View the documentThe plant transpires.
close this folderSome practical applications
View the documentThe plant needs air and light
View the documentThe plant needs water
View the documentThe plant needs its leaves

The buds

How buds are made

A bud is made of little leaves; they are hard and very closely packed and called scales.
These scales are stuck together.
They protect the inside of the bud.


The scales protect the inside of the bud

What are buds for?

Flowers come out of certain buds. These are called flower buds.
Leaves or shoots come out of certain buds. These are called leaf buds.

Where are the bude?

They are at the tip of the stem and on the stem.

· Those at the tip of the stem enable the stem and shoots to grow.
· Those at the base of the leaves produce shoots, leaves and flowers.