DISCUSSION LEADERS GUIDE
At the end of this learning/discussion session, the participants
should be able to:
1. Draw a representation of the evaporation/rainfall
cycle and explain:
how water enters and is stored in the
how it evaporates;
how it is collected in clouds; and
falls as rain.
2. Give an example of surface water in the area.
3. Share knowledge of location of ground water in the area
(evidence can include sites of wells or springs).
4. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using ground
water for drinking water.
one to two hours
chalkboard and chalk, or flipchart and
1. The USEFUL WORDS at the beginning of this session
material are very important. If the participants do not understand these words
they will not understand the information that is later presented.
DO NOT just ask them if they understand the definitions.
Translate them into the local language. Discuss and give examples of each word
2. The scientific principles presented in this session may be
generally accepted in some areas and generally disbelieved in others.
If these principles are new to your participants, they are more
likely to be believed if presented by one of their own more knowledgeable fellow
participants. Therefore, if some of the participants are school leavers or
others familiar with the water cycle, let them teach the material under your
If most of the group are knowledgeable about the water cycle,
use this material as an opportunity for review.
· As is true for all
sessions, it may be easier for your group NOT to read the material. You, the
discussion leader, can present the information to them orally if necessary. Use
the blackboard or flipchart to illustrate the water cycle.
3. DISCUSSION OPPORTUNITY: The purpose of the
discussion opportunity is to give people a chance to understand and talk about
common water-related problems. It is essential that you listen and encourage
people to ask questions and discuss their different points of view.
4. SUGGESTED ANSWERS:
Question 1: The sketch of the
water cycle should include clouds, rainfall, water shed area, surface water
(e.g. a pond, stream, dam, lake, etc.) and indicate at which point evaporation
As with all role plays, you may have to demonstrate before
asking two group members to actively take part.
Question 2: Answers will vary. However, a common
disadvantage will probably be that the surface water is easily contaminated.
Question 3: Answers will vary. However, a common
advantage will be that the ground water is usually not
5. READING ASSIGNMENT: If this group does study
assignments before each learning/discussion session, ask them to read EITHER
SESSION 6 OR SESSION 7, whichever is appropriate, before the next group meeting.
If the community water supply is based on wells, assign ONLY
If the community water supply is based on springs, assign
ONLY Session 7.
If your community water supply is based on some other system,
prepare your own training material and discussion plan for the next