Taking photographs as prints or slides. Individual prints or
slides can stand on their own or be shown in sequence with narration to convey
complex messages or illustrate themes.
To preserve imagesobjects, practices, and dynamic
processes in a community. Photos are useful for recording baseline data,
visually chronicling implementation, and in monitoring and evaluation. They can
also stimulate discussion and action by local people and by outside
- 35mm camera
- Flash and batteries
marking pens and push-pins
- Notebook and pencil
Photographe can be used in many different ways. The process
below describes how to use photos in a simple exhibit or slide-tape program that
you can use in a training course.
Identify a problem for which photographs can help. (For example:
you have been assigned to introduce a number of IK practices to a large group of
people. You might choose to prepare a slide presentation.)
Identify your target audience (see assette documentation).
Set your objectives. What do you want the audience to think,
feel, or do after they have seen your photos?
Gather and review, if necessary, available photos and references
related to your topic from the community, local government units, and libraries.
Prepare a topic outline, a list of shots to take, and/or a
Make sure your camera works.
Make it clear to everyone concerned that photographs will be
taken. If needed, ask for permission.
Explain your objectives, who and what you want to photograph,
and who will see the presentation.
Follow your shooting guide or script to document the practices
you need to record. As far as possible, take pictures of people and objects in
their natural settings. Take more photos than you need in case some do not come
out as desired. after shooting
Review your shots and label them (event, actors, date,
significant details, including any information on IK).
Select the shots you need and put them in a logical sequence.
Write or refine the narrative to accompany the shots.
Prepare the presentation.
Prints: You can put prints in an album for presentation, or make
an exhibit (it's best to use enlargements for this purpose). Write or type
labels with a narrative to accompany the photos. Pin them on the wall 50 readers
or visitors can follow them without any extra explanation.
Slides: It is best to keep a slide set in a projector tray. You
can make title slides by writing with chalk on a blackboard and then taking a
picture of it. You can write the narration (with notes on when to change the
slides) on paper and keep this with the slide set. Or, you can record the
narration on an audiocassette and play it back while you show the slides.
Pretest your shots or your slide show with members of the target
audience. Assess the impact on the audience. Note how they react. Change the
individual shots or the sequence and narrative if necessary.
Use the finished exhibit or slide-tape program as planned.
Store the slides prints and negatives in a well-ventilated place
free of insects, dust and humidity (an air-conditioned room is best). Make sure
they are labelled and ordered in a way that enables you to find photographs
- Photography is a powerful, yet simple, low-cost
way to capture detailed images. Photos can show objects, events or processes.
- They can stimulate discussion and preserve, promote, and
disseminate details of a people's culture, practices, traditions, and lifestyle.
- Photos can also be used in many other waysfor instance,
as illustrations in publications. on posters, and as stills in video programs.
- They are a particularly effective way of communicating IK to
people outside the local community.
Dos and don'ts
- Get as close as possible to your subject when
shooting. The moat common mistake in photography is to stand too far away
causing the subject to appear too small in the print or slide. If you cannot get
up close, use a telephoto lens
- During shooting, be guided by your script or shot guide. Try
to avoid taking photographs just for "documentation." try to keep a purpose in
mind when you are shooting. Buying and processing many rolls of film is
- Avoid creating distractions while taking photographs.
- Take your photos in the natural setting of the object or
event. Try to avoid "posed" shots, with everyone looking directly at the camera.
- Encourage community members to prepare their own photo and
slide shows. People can easily be trained in basic photography.
Compiled by Anna Reylene J.