2. Micro Hydel Power Systems
It is ideally suited to decentralized generation of power for
use by disposed rural communities and lends itself to operation and management
by the user groups. It is quite, does not pollute the atmosphere or contribute
to the green house effect and operates with effectively zero fuel costs.
Micro hydel power systems have potential in some locations with
perennial water flow. Some such locations have been identified in several
states. Soundaranayagam (1991) has given a cost figure of Rs. 37,000/kW of
installed capacity for a prototype demonstration unit of 15 kW capacity.
Small hydro does have its problems, largely associated with non
uniform availability of water over a yearly period in small rivers and streams
and in the utilisation pattern of small rural communities. An ideal solution to
go in for peaking power plants with minimum storage which utilise rainwater
during monsoon and can be supplemented by biomass based thermal power plants.
Some of the problems, of micro hydel plants are
(a) cost/kW is still high
(b) very few perennial
(c) technical and operational feasibility in the field is yet